Protein engineering using molecular assembly: Functional conversion of cytochrome C via noncovalent interactions

Itaru Hamachi, Akio Fujita, Toyoki Kunitake

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

64 被引用数 (Scopus)


The structure-function relationship of cytochrome c (Cyt-c) interacted with the lipid bilayer membranes was studied by various spectroscopic methods, the reaction-products analysis, and its kinetics. Ultrafiltration binding assay, UV-visible, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopies showed that Cyt-c was tightly bound to the lipid bilayer membranes bearing a phosphate head group. The anisotropic and nonnatural complexation with the phosphate-lipid membranes caused a spin-state change of the heme in the active center of Cyt-c. Depending on the membrane fluidity, two classes of the structurally altered Cyt-c were prepared and they showed the greatly enhanced N-demethylase activity. Products analysis by HPLC demonstrated that the lipid membrane bound Cyt-c performs a clean enzymatic reaction similar to native hemoenzymes. Kinetics studies established that there are two different activation manners via the phosphate lipid bilayer membranes: namely, simple enhancement of the affinity for H2O2, or the increased catalytic efficiency (k(cat)) in addition to the enhanced affinity for H2O2. The membrane fluidity again significantly affected the N-demethylation kinetics. A potential of the lipid membrane assembly to functionalize native proteins and enzymes with noncovalent but specific interactions is also discussed.

ジャーナルJournal of the American Chemical Society
出版ステータス出版済み - 10 1 1997

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 触媒
  • 化学 (全般)
  • 生化学
  • コロイド化学および表面化学


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