Legionella pneumophila Philadelphia-1 strain was grown in cultured macrophages of guinea pigs, hamsters, and A/J mice and the bacteria were purified by Percoll density gradient centrifugation without any detergent. Patterns of the bacterial proteins were compared by SDS-PAGE with those of organisms cultured in vitro. A 24 kDa protein was a major protein of intracellularly grown bacteria: its expression was about four times as much as a 24 kDa protein of agar-grown bacteria. At least three novel proteins (100, 65, and 16 kDa) that were not found on agar-grown bacteria were also observed. In this paper, we focused on the 24 kDa major Legionella protein expressed within macrophages. Western blot and N-terminal amino acid analysis revealed that this protein is a novel protein different from Legionella proteins previously reported, including a 24 kDa macrophage infectivity potentiator protein (Mip). On the basis of amino acid sequence (MQRlKKI and IANAQGK), two kinds of oligonucleotides were synthesized and radiolabeled. Using these oligonucleotides as DNA probes, a 7.2 kb EcoRI-digested DNA fragment encoding the 24 kDa protein was cloned into λZAP II phage vector in Escherichia coli XL1-Blue. A 0.9 kb DNA fragment from the 7.2 kb fragment was further subcloned into pUC118 in E. coli CSR603 for maxicell analysis or XL1-Blue for DNA sequencing. Maxicells which carry recombinant plasmids consisting of the 0.9 kb DNA fragment and vector plasmid pUC118 expressed the 24 kDa protein. When the DNA fragment encoding the protein was sequenced, an open reading frame of 555 base pairs was identified. The inferred polypeptide had a molecular weight of 20 kDa and an estimated isoelectric point of 8.14. Both the nucleotide sequence and the deduced amino acid sequence were distinct from those of bacterial proteins reported previously, suggesting that the protein is a novel Legionella protein.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases