We earlier reported that PU.1 was downregulated in myeloma cell lines and myeloma cells in a subset of myeloma patients, and that conditional PU.1 expression in PU.1-negative myeloma cell lines, U266 and KMS12PE, induced growth arrest and apoptosis. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of the growth arrest and apoptosis, we performed DNA microarray analyses to compare the difference in gene expression before and after PU.1 induction in U266 cells. Among cell cycle-related genes, cyclin A2, cyclin B1, CDK2 and CDK4 were downregulated and p21 was upregulated, although among apoptosis-related genes, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis inducing ligand (TRAIL) was found highly upregulated. When TRAIL was knocked down by small interference RNAs, apoptosis of PU-1-expressing cells was inhibited, suggesting that TRAIL has a critical role in PU.1-induced apoptosis in both U266 and KMS12PE myeloma cells. In both U266 and KMS12PE cells expressing PU.1, PU.1 directly bound to a region 30 bp downstream of the transcription start site of the TRAIL gene. Upregulation of PU.1-induced transactivation of the TRAIL promoter in reporter assays, and disruption of the PU.1-binding site in the TRAIL promoter eliminated this transactivation. Therefore, we conclude that PU.1 is capable of inducing apoptosis in certain myeloma cells by direct transactivation of TRAIL.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research