The aim of the study is to search the efficient way for the prevention of nosocomial tuberculosis (TB) infection in a university teaching hospital. Through a questionnaire, informations on the degree of interest in TB, on the way how they try to learn about TB infection, and on basic knowledge of TB epidemiology were obtained. The study subjects were most employees including physicians, nursing staffs, medical technicians, pharmacists, clerks as well as medical and dental students, who were younger than 40 years. The study was done from 1999 through 2001, and a total of 2,159 questionnaires in which age, sex and occupational category were completely described were analyzed. Out of total participants, 61.8% participants showed interest in TB, however, only 3.0% had actually attended lecture meeting or collected materials on TB infection. Out of 619 nursing staffs, 431 (69.6%) felt anxiety for TB infection and the disease, and it was significantly higher than the other occupational groups. Of 2,159 participants, 1,472 (68.2%) participants desired to have health examination for TB. On the other hand, less than 50% participants including physicians answered correctly to questions about basic knowledge of TB epidemiology. Through the present study, it was suggested that employees and students in a university hospital do not voluntarily learn about TB, or do not have enough knowledge on TB in spite of their anxiety or interest, but that they are well prepared to obtain essential informations on the prevention of TB infection. Thus, it would be worthwhile to establish a system of education and health examination for the prevention of nosocomial TB infection. On the other hand, the degree of interest in and anxiety about TB in clerical employees was relatively low. Since they have some risk of TB infection through a service at window, the strengthening of health education on TB for them would be necessary.
|ジャーナル||Kekkaku : [Tuberculosis]|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 6 2002|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Infectious Diseases