Rad9, Rad17, TopBP1 and Claspin Play Essential Roles in Heat-Induced Activation of ATR Kinase and Heat Tolerance

Munkhbold Tuul, Hiroyuki Kitao, Makoto Iimori, Kazuaki Matsuoka, Shinichi Kiyonari, Hiroshi Saeki, Eiji Oki, Masaru Morita, Yoshihiko Maehara

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

14 被引用数 (Scopus)


Hyperthermia is widely used to treat patients with cancer, especially in combination with other treatments such as radiation therapy. Heat treatment per se activates DNA damage responses mediated by the ATR-Chk1 and ATM-Chk2 pathways but it is not fully understood how these DNA damage responses are activated and affect heat tolerance. By performing a genetic analysis of human HeLa cells and chicken B lymphoma DT40 cells, we found that heat-induced Chk1 Ser345 phosphorylation by ATR was largely dependent on Rad9, Rad17, TopBP1 and Claspin. Activation of the ATR-Chk1 pathway by heat, however, was not associated with FancD2 monoubiquitination or RPA32 phosphorylation, which are known as downstream events of ATR kinase activation when replication forks are stalled. Downregulation of ATR, Rad9, Rad17, TopBP1 or Claspin drastically reduced clonogenic cell viability upon hyperthermia, while gene knockout or inhibition of ATM kinase reduced clonogenic viability only modestly. Suppression of the ATR-Chk1 pathway activation enhanced heat-induced phosphorylation of Chk2 Thr68 and simultaneous inhibition of ATR and ATM kinases rendered severe heat cytotoxicity. These data indicate that essential factors for activation of the ATR-Chk1 pathway at stalled replication forks are also required for heat-induced activation of ATR kinase, which predominantly contributes to heat tolerance in a non-overlapping manner with ATM kinase.

ジャーナルPloS one
出版ステータス出版済み - 2月 1 2013

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生化学、遺伝学、分子生物学(全般)
  • 農業および生物科学(全般)
  • 一般


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