The deuterium (D) operation was initiated in the LHD in 2017. In the first campaign of the D experiments, we successfully extended the high temperature regime in the LHD. The new record of the ion temperature (T i) of 10 keV associated with the ion internal transport barrier (ITB) was achieved due to several operational optimization. The thermal confinement characteristics of ITB plasmas were compared between hydrogen and D discharges. The effective ion thermal diffusivity of the ion-ITB plasmas was found to be smaller in the D discharges than that in the H discharges. The profiles of the T i, the electron density, and the impurity of the high T i plasmas strongly depended on the magnetic configuration and these profiles tended to peaked in the inward-shifted configuration. It was also found that the electron thermal confinement of the electron-ITB plasmas was clearly improved in the deuterium case. The GKV simulation showed the linear growth rate of TEM/ITG reduced in the plasmas with D both for the ion ITB and the electron ITB plasmas and qualitatively agreed with the tendency of the change in the thermal diffusivity obtained from the power balance analysis.
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