Electrochemical hydrogen devices like fuel cells are widely investigated as promising technologies to mitigate the rising environmental challenges and enhance the renewable energy economy. In these devices, proton-conducting oxides (PCOs) are applied as electrolyte materials to transport protons. Excellent physical stability and higher proton transport number are two essential properties of electrolyte materials. Doped BaZrO3 (BZO) is a solid ion-conducting perovskite material with high chemical stability and good proton-conducting properties at an intermediate temperature range of 400–650 °C. Therefore, BZO is an attractive material among the exciting proton-conducting oxides as electrolyte material. To enhance the proton transport properties and improve the material fabrication process of BZO, techniques such as the use of dopants, sintering aid, synthesis methods are crucial. The present review work highlights the applications of BZO as electrolyte material in electrochemical hydrogen devices such as hydrogen isotopes separation systems, hydrogen sensors, hydrogen pumps, and protonic ceramic fuel cells (PCFCs) or solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). The central section of this review summarizes the recent research investigations of these applications and provides a comprehensive insight into the various synthesis process, doping, sintering aid, operating environments, and operating condition's impact on the composition, morphology, and performance of BZO electrolyte materials. Based on the reviewed literature, remarks on current challenges and prospects are provided. The presented information on in-depth analysis of the physical properties of barium zirconate electrolyte's along with output performance will guide aspirants in conducting research further on this field.
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