Background: Gastric conduit ischemia is sometimes correlated with anastomosis-related morbidities after esophagectomy and pharyngolaryngectomy.1–5 A lack of connection between the right and left gastroepiploic vessels and intraoperative injury to these vessels could cause conduit ischemia. In addition, tensioned anastomosis due to a short gastric tube also could contribute to anastomotic leaks. This report introduces a reconstruction technique using a pedunculated gastric tube with duodenal transection for these cases. Methods: Creation of a gastric tube in the greater curvature of the stomach is performed with linear staplers. Only the right gastroepiploic vessels are preserved. The gastric tube is finally fashioned with a width of approximately 4 cm. The peripheral right gastroepiploic vessels to the pylorus are sacrificed. After the bulbs are transected, a pedunculated gastric tube is moved, with confirmation whether it has sufficient length for anastomosis in the neck. After the anal side of the gastric tube is transected, Roux-en-Y gastrointestinal anastomosis is performed. Finally, esophagogastric or pharyngogastric anastomosis is performed. Results: Between November 2011 and September 2014, 18 patients underwent the reported reconstruction technique due to short gastric tubes in 10 patients and a lack of connection between the right and left gastroepiploic vessels in 8 patients. Anastomotic leaks occurred in three patients (16.7 %), conduit necrosis in no patients, and strictures in no patients, respectively. Two patients had an anastomotic grade 2 leak, and one patient had an anastomotic grade 3 leak. Conclusion: The current reconstruction technique is a good alternative for patients at risk of conduit ischemia and patients with a short gastric tube after esophagectomy and pharyngolaryngectomy.
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