We consider the linear matrix inequality (LMI) problem of H∞ output feedback control problem for a generalized plant whose control input, measured output, disturbance input, and controlled output are scalar. We provide an explicit form of the optimal value. This form is the unification of some results in the literature of H∞ performance limitation analysis. To obtain the form of the optimal value, we focus on the non-uniqueness of perpendicular matrices, which appear in the LMI problem. We use the null vectors of invariant zeros associated with the dynamical system for the expression of the perpendicular matrices. This expression enables us to reduce and simplify the LMI problem. Our approach uses some well-known fundamental tools, e.g., the Schur complement, Lyapunov equation, Sylvester equation, and matrix completion. We use these techniques for the simplification of the LMI problem. Also, we investigate the structure of dual feasible solutions and reduce the size of the dual. This reduction is called a facial reduction in the literature of convex optimization.
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