Regulation of masculinization: Androgen signalling for external genitalia development

Shoko Matsushita, Kentaro Suzuki, Aki Murashima, Daiki Kajioka, Alvin Resultay Acebedo, Shinichi Miyagawa, Ryuma Haraguchi, Yukiko Ogino, Gen Yamada

研究成果: Contribution to journalReview article査読

22 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

The biology of masculinization is fundamentally important for understanding the embryonic developmental processes that are involved in the development of the male reproductive tract, external genitalia, and also the tumorigenesis of prostate cancer. The molecular mechanisms of masculinization are of interest to many researchers and clinicians involved in varied fields, including molecular developmental biology, cancer research, endocrinology, and urology. Androgen signalling is mediated by the nuclear androgen receptor, which has fundamental roles in masculinization during development. Various modes of androgen signalling, including 5α-dihydrotestosterone-induced regulation of mesenchymal cell proliferation, have been observed in masculinization. Such regulation is essential for regulating urogenital tissue development, including external genitalia development. Androgen-induced genes, such as MAFB, which belongs to the activator protein 1 (AP-1) superfamily of genes, have essential roles in male urethral formation, and disruption of its signalling can interfere with urethral formation, which often results in hypospadias. Another AP-1 superfamily gene, ATF3, could be responsible for some instances of hypospadias in humans. These androgen-dependent signals and downstream events are crucial for not only developmental processes but also processes of diseases such as hypospadias and prostate cancer.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)358-368
ページ数11
ジャーナルNature Reviews Urology
15
6
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 6 1 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 泌尿器学

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