Regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-1 and alpha-smooth muscle actin expression by interleukin-1 alpha and tumour necrosis factor alpha in hepatic stellate cells

Asami Inoue, Kenichi Obayashi, Yuka Sonoda, Anna Nakamura, Takato Ueno, Satoru Kuhara, Kosuke Tashiro

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

9 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are key players in liver fibrosis and regeneration via collagen degradation and synthesis. These phenomena involve inflammatory cytokines released from non-parenchymal liver cells such as Kupffer cells. Although the effects of individual cytokines on many cell types have been investigated in various conditions, such as inflammation and tissue fibrosis, investigating the effect of combined cytokines would further our understanding of the regulatory mechanisms in tissue fibrosis. Here, we report the effect of multiple cytokine combinations on primary HSCs. We first examined the effect of individual cytokines and then the simultaneous exposure of different cytokines, including interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1 alpha (IL-1α), platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β), on matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP1) gene expression in primary HSCs. We observed that the combination of all five cytokines induced higher levels of MMP1 gene expression. Of these cytokines, TNF-α and IL-1α were found to be the key cytokines for not only inducing MMP1 expression, but also increasing α-smooth muscle actin gene expression. In conclusion, the combined treatment of TNF-α and IL-1α on HSCs had an enhanced effect on the expression of the fibrotic genes, MMP1 and α-smooth muscle actin, so appears to be an important regulator for tissue regeneration. This finding suggests that stimulation with combined anti-fibrotic cytokines is a potential approach in the development of a novel therapy for the recovery of liver fibrosis.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)461-468
ページ数8
ジャーナルCytotechnology
69
3
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 6 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • バイオテクノロジー
  • バイオエンジニアリング
  • 生体医工学
  • 臨床生化学
  • 細胞生物学

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