Relationship between nutrition status and dental occlusion in community-dwelling frail elderly people

Takeshi Kikutani, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Hiromi Enoki, Yoshihisa Yamashita, Sumio Akifusa, Yoshihiro Shimazaki, Hirohiko Hirano, Fumio Tamura

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

56 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Aim: This study aimed to determine the risk of malnutrition in some communities where the frail elderly receive public long-term care insurance. We also clarified the dental problems in those at risk of malnutrition. Methods: A total of 716 frail elderly who lived in eight cities in Japan (240 males and 476 females with a mean age of 83.2±8.6years) were divided into three groups according to Mini Nutritional Assessment short form results: well nourished, at risk of malnutrition and malnourished. They were also divided into three groups in terms of remaining teeth occlusion and denture occlusion: group A, natural dentition with adequate function; group B, partially or fully edentulous, but maintaining functional occlusion with dentures in either or both jaws; and group C, functionally inadequate occlusion with no dentures. The relationship between nutrition status and dental occlusion was evaluated using logistic regression analysis with sex, age, activities of daily living and cognitive function as covariates. Results: The number of participants in each of the groups was as follows: 251 well nourished, 370 at risk of malnutrition and 95 malnourished. When they were divided into just two groups, (i) well nourished and (ii) at risk of malnutrition plus malnourished, in order to study malnutrition risk factors, there were significant relationships between their nutritious status and sex, Barthel index, and occlusion. Conclusion: This large-scale cross-sectional survey showed that loss of natural teeth occlusion was a risk factor for malnutrition among community-dwelling frail elderly.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)50-54
ページ数5
ジャーナルGeriatrics and Gerontology International
13
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 1 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

フィンガープリント 「Relationship between nutrition status and dental occlusion in community-dwelling frail elderly people」の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらがまとまってユニークなフィンガープリントを構成します。

引用スタイル