Relationship between obesity, glucose tolerance, and periodontal disease in Japanese women: The Hisayama study

T. Saito, Y. Shimazaki, Y. Kiyohara, I. Kato, M. Kubo, M. Iida, Yoshihisa Yamashita

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿評論記事

148 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: Recent studies have reported a relationship between obesity and periodontal disease. Obesity is the strongest risk factor for type 2 diabetes, which is, in turn, a risk factor for periodontal disease. An oral glucose tolerance test is necessary to diagnose diabetes; however, no study has examined the relationship between obesity and periodontal disease by taking oral glucose tolerance test results into consideration. Methods: In all, 584 Japanese women aged between 40 and 79 years old, with at least 10 teeth, underwent health examinations. Body mass index, waist-hip ratio, body fat, and oral glucose tolerance test results were used as independent variables with known risk factors for periodontal disease. Mean probing pocket depth and mean attachment loss were used as the dependent variables. Results: In all of the analyses, body mass index, body fat, and waist-hip ratio were significantly associated with the highest quintile of mean probing pocket depth, even when adjusted for oral glucose tolerance test results. In the multivariate analysis, the subjects with the highest quartile of body mass index had a significantly higher odds ratio (OR) for the highest quintile of mean probing pocket depth [OR, 4.3; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.1-8.9; p < 0.001], whereas neither impaired glucose tolerance nor diabetes were significantly associated with deep pockets. The relationships between the obesity indexes and mean attachment loss did not reach statistical significance. Conclusion: Obesity was associated with deep pockets in Japanese women, even after adjusting for oral glucose tolerance test.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)346-353
ページ数8
ジャーナルJournal of Periodontal Research
40
発行部数4
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 8 1 2005

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Periodontal Diseases
Glucose Tolerance Test
Obesity
Glucose
Body Mass Index
Waist-Hip Ratio
Adipose Tissue
Odds Ratio
Glucose Intolerance
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Tooth
Multivariate Analysis
Confidence Intervals
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics

これを引用

Relationship between obesity, glucose tolerance, and periodontal disease in Japanese women : The Hisayama study. / Saito, T.; Shimazaki, Y.; Kiyohara, Y.; Kato, I.; Kubo, M.; Iida, M.; Yamashita, Yoshihisa.

:: Journal of Periodontal Research, 巻 40, 番号 4, 01.08.2005, p. 346-353.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿評論記事

Saito, T. ; Shimazaki, Y. ; Kiyohara, Y. ; Kato, I. ; Kubo, M. ; Iida, M. ; Yamashita, Yoshihisa. / Relationship between obesity, glucose tolerance, and periodontal disease in Japanese women : The Hisayama study. :: Journal of Periodontal Research. 2005 ; 巻 40, 番号 4. pp. 346-353.
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abstract = "Background: Recent studies have reported a relationship between obesity and periodontal disease. Obesity is the strongest risk factor for type 2 diabetes, which is, in turn, a risk factor for periodontal disease. An oral glucose tolerance test is necessary to diagnose diabetes; however, no study has examined the relationship between obesity and periodontal disease by taking oral glucose tolerance test results into consideration. Methods: In all, 584 Japanese women aged between 40 and 79 years old, with at least 10 teeth, underwent health examinations. Body mass index, waist-hip ratio, body fat, and oral glucose tolerance test results were used as independent variables with known risk factors for periodontal disease. Mean probing pocket depth and mean attachment loss were used as the dependent variables. Results: In all of the analyses, body mass index, body fat, and waist-hip ratio were significantly associated with the highest quintile of mean probing pocket depth, even when adjusted for oral glucose tolerance test results. In the multivariate analysis, the subjects with the highest quartile of body mass index had a significantly higher odds ratio (OR) for the highest quintile of mean probing pocket depth [OR, 4.3; 95{\%} confidence interval (CI), 2.1-8.9; p < 0.001], whereas neither impaired glucose tolerance nor diabetes were significantly associated with deep pockets. The relationships between the obesity indexes and mean attachment loss did not reach statistical significance. Conclusion: Obesity was associated with deep pockets in Japanese women, even after adjusting for oral glucose tolerance test.",
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T1 - Relationship between obesity, glucose tolerance, and periodontal disease in Japanese women

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N2 - Background: Recent studies have reported a relationship between obesity and periodontal disease. Obesity is the strongest risk factor for type 2 diabetes, which is, in turn, a risk factor for periodontal disease. An oral glucose tolerance test is necessary to diagnose diabetes; however, no study has examined the relationship between obesity and periodontal disease by taking oral glucose tolerance test results into consideration. Methods: In all, 584 Japanese women aged between 40 and 79 years old, with at least 10 teeth, underwent health examinations. Body mass index, waist-hip ratio, body fat, and oral glucose tolerance test results were used as independent variables with known risk factors for periodontal disease. Mean probing pocket depth and mean attachment loss were used as the dependent variables. Results: In all of the analyses, body mass index, body fat, and waist-hip ratio were significantly associated with the highest quintile of mean probing pocket depth, even when adjusted for oral glucose tolerance test results. In the multivariate analysis, the subjects with the highest quartile of body mass index had a significantly higher odds ratio (OR) for the highest quintile of mean probing pocket depth [OR, 4.3; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.1-8.9; p < 0.001], whereas neither impaired glucose tolerance nor diabetes were significantly associated with deep pockets. The relationships between the obesity indexes and mean attachment loss did not reach statistical significance. Conclusion: Obesity was associated with deep pockets in Japanese women, even after adjusting for oral glucose tolerance test.

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