Relationships between eating habits and periodontal condition in university students

Takaaki Tomofuji, Michiko Furuta, Daisuke Ekuni, Koichiro Irie, Tetsuji Azuma, Yoshiaki Iwasaki, Manabu Morita

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

13 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: Being overweight is a risk factor for periodontitis. Unhealthy eating habits, which can induce overweight, may be involved in the development of periodontitis in young people. The present study aims to examine the relationships among overweight, eating habits, and the periodontal condition in Japanese university students. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 801 university students (413 males and 388 females; age range: 18 to 25 years). Patients were classified as underweight (body mass index [BMI] < 18.5 kg/m 2), normal weight (BMI of 18.5 to 22.9 kg/m 2), and overweight (BMI ≤23 kg/m 2). Students completed a questionnaire including items related to eating habits and underwent oral health examinations. Patients with a community periodontal index (CPI) of 0 to 2 were considered controls, and patients with a CPI > 2 were considered to have periodontitis. Results: The prevalence of underweight, normal weight, and overweight patients was 21%, 62%, and 17%, respectively. In overweight patients, the periodontitis risk was increased by the frequent consumption of fatty foods (adjusted odds ratio: 2.3; 95% confidence interval: 1.1 to 5.2; P < 0.05) and reduced by the frequent consumption of vegetables (adjusted odds ratio: 0.2; 95% confidence interval: 0.1 to 0.7; P < 0.01). In underweight and normal-weight groups, eating habits did not differ significantly according to the presence of periodontitis. Conclusions: In overweight students, the frequent consumption of fatty foods and infrequent consumption of vegetables were associated with an increased risk of periodontitis. In underweight and normal-weight students, eating habits had little effect on the periodontal condition.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)1642-1649
ページ数8
ジャーナルJournal of periodontology
82
発行部数12
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 12 1 2011

Fingerprint

Periodontitis
Feeding Behavior
Thinness
Students
Weights and Measures
Vegetables
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Food
Body Mass Index
Cross-Sectional Studies

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics

これを引用

Relationships between eating habits and periodontal condition in university students. / Tomofuji, Takaaki; Furuta, Michiko; Ekuni, Daisuke; Irie, Koichiro; Azuma, Tetsuji; Iwasaki, Yoshiaki; Morita, Manabu.

:: Journal of periodontology, 巻 82, 番号 12, 01.12.2011, p. 1642-1649.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Tomofuji, T, Furuta, M, Ekuni, D, Irie, K, Azuma, T, Iwasaki, Y & Morita, M 2011, 'Relationships between eating habits and periodontal condition in university students', Journal of periodontology, 巻. 82, 番号 12, pp. 1642-1649. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2011.110061
Tomofuji, Takaaki ; Furuta, Michiko ; Ekuni, Daisuke ; Irie, Koichiro ; Azuma, Tetsuji ; Iwasaki, Yoshiaki ; Morita, Manabu. / Relationships between eating habits and periodontal condition in university students. :: Journal of periodontology. 2011 ; 巻 82, 番号 12. pp. 1642-1649.
@article{c4b043fad33d4f61a4403bd06770d0cc,
title = "Relationships between eating habits and periodontal condition in university students",
abstract = "Background: Being overweight is a risk factor for periodontitis. Unhealthy eating habits, which can induce overweight, may be involved in the development of periodontitis in young people. The present study aims to examine the relationships among overweight, eating habits, and the periodontal condition in Japanese university students. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 801 university students (413 males and 388 females; age range: 18 to 25 years). Patients were classified as underweight (body mass index [BMI] < 18.5 kg/m 2), normal weight (BMI of 18.5 to 22.9 kg/m 2), and overweight (BMI ≤23 kg/m 2). Students completed a questionnaire including items related to eating habits and underwent oral health examinations. Patients with a community periodontal index (CPI) of 0 to 2 were considered controls, and patients with a CPI > 2 were considered to have periodontitis. Results: The prevalence of underweight, normal weight, and overweight patients was 21{\%}, 62{\%}, and 17{\%}, respectively. In overweight patients, the periodontitis risk was increased by the frequent consumption of fatty foods (adjusted odds ratio: 2.3; 95{\%} confidence interval: 1.1 to 5.2; P < 0.05) and reduced by the frequent consumption of vegetables (adjusted odds ratio: 0.2; 95{\%} confidence interval: 0.1 to 0.7; P < 0.01). In underweight and normal-weight groups, eating habits did not differ significantly according to the presence of periodontitis. Conclusions: In overweight students, the frequent consumption of fatty foods and infrequent consumption of vegetables were associated with an increased risk of periodontitis. In underweight and normal-weight students, eating habits had little effect on the periodontal condition.",
author = "Takaaki Tomofuji and Michiko Furuta and Daisuke Ekuni and Koichiro Irie and Tetsuji Azuma and Yoshiaki Iwasaki and Manabu Morita",
year = "2011",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1902/jop.2011.110061",
language = "English",
volume = "82",
pages = "1642--1649",
journal = "Journal of Periodontology",
issn = "0022-3492",
publisher = "American Academy of Periodontology",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationships between eating habits and periodontal condition in university students

AU - Tomofuji, Takaaki

AU - Furuta, Michiko

AU - Ekuni, Daisuke

AU - Irie, Koichiro

AU - Azuma, Tetsuji

AU - Iwasaki, Yoshiaki

AU - Morita, Manabu

PY - 2011/12/1

Y1 - 2011/12/1

N2 - Background: Being overweight is a risk factor for periodontitis. Unhealthy eating habits, which can induce overweight, may be involved in the development of periodontitis in young people. The present study aims to examine the relationships among overweight, eating habits, and the periodontal condition in Japanese university students. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 801 university students (413 males and 388 females; age range: 18 to 25 years). Patients were classified as underweight (body mass index [BMI] < 18.5 kg/m 2), normal weight (BMI of 18.5 to 22.9 kg/m 2), and overweight (BMI ≤23 kg/m 2). Students completed a questionnaire including items related to eating habits and underwent oral health examinations. Patients with a community periodontal index (CPI) of 0 to 2 were considered controls, and patients with a CPI > 2 were considered to have periodontitis. Results: The prevalence of underweight, normal weight, and overweight patients was 21%, 62%, and 17%, respectively. In overweight patients, the periodontitis risk was increased by the frequent consumption of fatty foods (adjusted odds ratio: 2.3; 95% confidence interval: 1.1 to 5.2; P < 0.05) and reduced by the frequent consumption of vegetables (adjusted odds ratio: 0.2; 95% confidence interval: 0.1 to 0.7; P < 0.01). In underweight and normal-weight groups, eating habits did not differ significantly according to the presence of periodontitis. Conclusions: In overweight students, the frequent consumption of fatty foods and infrequent consumption of vegetables were associated with an increased risk of periodontitis. In underweight and normal-weight students, eating habits had little effect on the periodontal condition.

AB - Background: Being overweight is a risk factor for periodontitis. Unhealthy eating habits, which can induce overweight, may be involved in the development of periodontitis in young people. The present study aims to examine the relationships among overweight, eating habits, and the periodontal condition in Japanese university students. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 801 university students (413 males and 388 females; age range: 18 to 25 years). Patients were classified as underweight (body mass index [BMI] < 18.5 kg/m 2), normal weight (BMI of 18.5 to 22.9 kg/m 2), and overweight (BMI ≤23 kg/m 2). Students completed a questionnaire including items related to eating habits and underwent oral health examinations. Patients with a community periodontal index (CPI) of 0 to 2 were considered controls, and patients with a CPI > 2 were considered to have periodontitis. Results: The prevalence of underweight, normal weight, and overweight patients was 21%, 62%, and 17%, respectively. In overweight patients, the periodontitis risk was increased by the frequent consumption of fatty foods (adjusted odds ratio: 2.3; 95% confidence interval: 1.1 to 5.2; P < 0.05) and reduced by the frequent consumption of vegetables (adjusted odds ratio: 0.2; 95% confidence interval: 0.1 to 0.7; P < 0.01). In underweight and normal-weight groups, eating habits did not differ significantly according to the presence of periodontitis. Conclusions: In overweight students, the frequent consumption of fatty foods and infrequent consumption of vegetables were associated with an increased risk of periodontitis. In underweight and normal-weight students, eating habits had little effect on the periodontal condition.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=82955220471&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=82955220471&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1902/jop.2011.110061

DO - 10.1902/jop.2011.110061

M3 - Article

C2 - 21513478

AN - SCOPUS:82955220471

VL - 82

SP - 1642

EP - 1649

JO - Journal of Periodontology

JF - Journal of Periodontology

SN - 0022-3492

IS - 12

ER -