Relevance of calcification and contrast enhancement pattern for molecular diagnosis and survival prediction of gliomas based on the 2016 World Health Organization Classification

Yuhei Michiwaki, Nobuhiro Hata, Masahiro Mizoguchi, Akio Hiwatashi, Daisuke Kuga, Ryusuke Hatae, Yojiro Akagi, Takeo Amemiya, Yutaka Fujioka, Osamu Togao, Satoshi O. Suzuki, Koji Yoshimoto, Toru Iwaki, Koji Iihara

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

抄録

Objectives: The significance of conventional neuroimaging features for predicting molecular diagnosis and patient survival based on the updated World Health Organization (WHO) classification remains uncertain. We assessed the relevance of neuroimaging features (ring enhancement [RE], non-ring enhancement [non-RE], overall gadolinium enhancement [GdE], and intratumoral calcification [IC]) for molecular diagnosis and survival in glioma patients. Patients and methods: We evaluated 234 glioma patients according to the updated WHO classification. Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH), H3F3A, BRAF hotspot mutations, TERT promotor mutation, and chromosome 1p/19q co-deletion were examined. RE, non-RE, GdE, and IC were evaluated as significant neuroimaging findings. Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to evaluate overall survival (OS) and the correlations of prognostic factors were evaluated by log-rank tests. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to detect prognostic factors for OS. Results: A total of 207 patients were eligible. In 110 patients presenting RE, 102 (93%) were glioblastoma (GBM), IDH-wild type. In 97 patients without RE, presence of GdE or IC were not significantly different between IDH-mutant and -wild type tumors, whereas presence of GdE was a significant indicator of higher WHO grades. IC was the only significant finding for 1p/19q co-deleted tumors. TERT promoter mutation was observed in 7/17 patients with diffuse astrocytic glioma, IDH-wild type; recently-defined as “molecular GBM.” IC, RE, and GdE were observed with lower prevalence in molecular GBMs. While presence of RE, GdE, and absence of IC were significant factors of OS in overall cohort, presence of GdE was not significant in OS in cases without RE, and IDH-mutant tumors. IC was a significant predictor of favorable OS in cases without RE and IDH-wild type tumors. Multivariate analysis also validated these findings. Conclusion: GdE alone is not a significant predictor of IDH mutation status, but the pattern of enhancement is a significant predictor with RE demonstrating high sensitivity and specificity for GBM, IDH-wild type. Predicting “molecular GBM” by conventional neuroimaging is difficult. Moreover, GdE is not a significant factor of survival analyzed with pattern of enhancement or molecular stratifications. IC is an important radiographic finding for predicting molecular diagnosis and survival in glioma patients.

元の言語英語
記事番号105556
ジャーナルClinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
187
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 12 2019

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Isocitrate Dehydrogenase
Gadolinium
Glioma
Survival
Glioblastoma
Neuroimaging
Mutation
Neoplasms
Multivariate Analysis
Astrocytoma
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Chromosomes
Sensitivity and Specificity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

これを引用

@article{6bb341922c49409bac7d4c585622443b,
title = "Relevance of calcification and contrast enhancement pattern for molecular diagnosis and survival prediction of gliomas based on the 2016 World Health Organization Classification",
abstract = "Objectives: The significance of conventional neuroimaging features for predicting molecular diagnosis and patient survival based on the updated World Health Organization (WHO) classification remains uncertain. We assessed the relevance of neuroimaging features (ring enhancement [RE], non-ring enhancement [non-RE], overall gadolinium enhancement [GdE], and intratumoral calcification [IC]) for molecular diagnosis and survival in glioma patients. Patients and methods: We evaluated 234 glioma patients according to the updated WHO classification. Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH), H3F3A, BRAF hotspot mutations, TERT promotor mutation, and chromosome 1p/19q co-deletion were examined. RE, non-RE, GdE, and IC were evaluated as significant neuroimaging findings. Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to evaluate overall survival (OS) and the correlations of prognostic factors were evaluated by log-rank tests. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to detect prognostic factors for OS. Results: A total of 207 patients were eligible. In 110 patients presenting RE, 102 (93{\%}) were glioblastoma (GBM), IDH-wild type. In 97 patients without RE, presence of GdE or IC were not significantly different between IDH-mutant and -wild type tumors, whereas presence of GdE was a significant indicator of higher WHO grades. IC was the only significant finding for 1p/19q co-deleted tumors. TERT promoter mutation was observed in 7/17 patients with diffuse astrocytic glioma, IDH-wild type; recently-defined as “molecular GBM.” IC, RE, and GdE were observed with lower prevalence in molecular GBMs. While presence of RE, GdE, and absence of IC were significant factors of OS in overall cohort, presence of GdE was not significant in OS in cases without RE, and IDH-mutant tumors. IC was a significant predictor of favorable OS in cases without RE and IDH-wild type tumors. Multivariate analysis also validated these findings. Conclusion: GdE alone is not a significant predictor of IDH mutation status, but the pattern of enhancement is a significant predictor with RE demonstrating high sensitivity and specificity for GBM, IDH-wild type. Predicting “molecular GBM” by conventional neuroimaging is difficult. Moreover, GdE is not a significant factor of survival analyzed with pattern of enhancement or molecular stratifications. IC is an important radiographic finding for predicting molecular diagnosis and survival in glioma patients.",
author = "Yuhei Michiwaki and Nobuhiro Hata and Masahiro Mizoguchi and Akio Hiwatashi and Daisuke Kuga and Ryusuke Hatae and Yojiro Akagi and Takeo Amemiya and Yutaka Fujioka and Osamu Togao and Suzuki, {Satoshi O.} and Koji Yoshimoto and Toru Iwaki and Koji Iihara",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.clineuro.2019.105556",
language = "English",
volume = "187",
journal = "Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery",
issn = "0303-8467",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relevance of calcification and contrast enhancement pattern for molecular diagnosis and survival prediction of gliomas based on the 2016 World Health Organization Classification

AU - Michiwaki, Yuhei

AU - Hata, Nobuhiro

AU - Mizoguchi, Masahiro

AU - Hiwatashi, Akio

AU - Kuga, Daisuke

AU - Hatae, Ryusuke

AU - Akagi, Yojiro

AU - Amemiya, Takeo

AU - Fujioka, Yutaka

AU - Togao, Osamu

AU - Suzuki, Satoshi O.

AU - Yoshimoto, Koji

AU - Iwaki, Toru

AU - Iihara, Koji

PY - 2019/12

Y1 - 2019/12

N2 - Objectives: The significance of conventional neuroimaging features for predicting molecular diagnosis and patient survival based on the updated World Health Organization (WHO) classification remains uncertain. We assessed the relevance of neuroimaging features (ring enhancement [RE], non-ring enhancement [non-RE], overall gadolinium enhancement [GdE], and intratumoral calcification [IC]) for molecular diagnosis and survival in glioma patients. Patients and methods: We evaluated 234 glioma patients according to the updated WHO classification. Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH), H3F3A, BRAF hotspot mutations, TERT promotor mutation, and chromosome 1p/19q co-deletion were examined. RE, non-RE, GdE, and IC were evaluated as significant neuroimaging findings. Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to evaluate overall survival (OS) and the correlations of prognostic factors were evaluated by log-rank tests. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to detect prognostic factors for OS. Results: A total of 207 patients were eligible. In 110 patients presenting RE, 102 (93%) were glioblastoma (GBM), IDH-wild type. In 97 patients without RE, presence of GdE or IC were not significantly different between IDH-mutant and -wild type tumors, whereas presence of GdE was a significant indicator of higher WHO grades. IC was the only significant finding for 1p/19q co-deleted tumors. TERT promoter mutation was observed in 7/17 patients with diffuse astrocytic glioma, IDH-wild type; recently-defined as “molecular GBM.” IC, RE, and GdE were observed with lower prevalence in molecular GBMs. While presence of RE, GdE, and absence of IC were significant factors of OS in overall cohort, presence of GdE was not significant in OS in cases without RE, and IDH-mutant tumors. IC was a significant predictor of favorable OS in cases without RE and IDH-wild type tumors. Multivariate analysis also validated these findings. Conclusion: GdE alone is not a significant predictor of IDH mutation status, but the pattern of enhancement is a significant predictor with RE demonstrating high sensitivity and specificity for GBM, IDH-wild type. Predicting “molecular GBM” by conventional neuroimaging is difficult. Moreover, GdE is not a significant factor of survival analyzed with pattern of enhancement or molecular stratifications. IC is an important radiographic finding for predicting molecular diagnosis and survival in glioma patients.

AB - Objectives: The significance of conventional neuroimaging features for predicting molecular diagnosis and patient survival based on the updated World Health Organization (WHO) classification remains uncertain. We assessed the relevance of neuroimaging features (ring enhancement [RE], non-ring enhancement [non-RE], overall gadolinium enhancement [GdE], and intratumoral calcification [IC]) for molecular diagnosis and survival in glioma patients. Patients and methods: We evaluated 234 glioma patients according to the updated WHO classification. Isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH), H3F3A, BRAF hotspot mutations, TERT promotor mutation, and chromosome 1p/19q co-deletion were examined. RE, non-RE, GdE, and IC were evaluated as significant neuroimaging findings. Kaplan-Meier analyses were performed to evaluate overall survival (OS) and the correlations of prognostic factors were evaluated by log-rank tests. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to detect prognostic factors for OS. Results: A total of 207 patients were eligible. In 110 patients presenting RE, 102 (93%) were glioblastoma (GBM), IDH-wild type. In 97 patients without RE, presence of GdE or IC were not significantly different between IDH-mutant and -wild type tumors, whereas presence of GdE was a significant indicator of higher WHO grades. IC was the only significant finding for 1p/19q co-deleted tumors. TERT promoter mutation was observed in 7/17 patients with diffuse astrocytic glioma, IDH-wild type; recently-defined as “molecular GBM.” IC, RE, and GdE were observed with lower prevalence in molecular GBMs. While presence of RE, GdE, and absence of IC were significant factors of OS in overall cohort, presence of GdE was not significant in OS in cases without RE, and IDH-mutant tumors. IC was a significant predictor of favorable OS in cases without RE and IDH-wild type tumors. Multivariate analysis also validated these findings. Conclusion: GdE alone is not a significant predictor of IDH mutation status, but the pattern of enhancement is a significant predictor with RE demonstrating high sensitivity and specificity for GBM, IDH-wild type. Predicting “molecular GBM” by conventional neuroimaging is difficult. Moreover, GdE is not a significant factor of survival analyzed with pattern of enhancement or molecular stratifications. IC is an important radiographic finding for predicting molecular diagnosis and survival in glioma patients.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.clineuro.2019.105556

DO - 10.1016/j.clineuro.2019.105556

M3 - Article

C2 - 31639630

AN - SCOPUS:85073456385

VL - 187

JO - Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery

JF - Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery

SN - 0303-8467

M1 - 105556

ER -