In this study, we investigated the level of contamination of agricultural soil near an old recycling lead smelter in Vietnam and proposed an effective treatment for the remediation of the soil. The analysis of soil samples using an ICP-MS method revealed that the soil in the area was heavily contaminated by heavy metals, especially lead (Pb) with concentrations in surface soil of >3000 μg g−1. High concentrations of metals, including Pb, copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn), were found in whole soil profile. The FE-EPMA and Laser-Raman spectrometer results suggested that iron minerals and carbon materials in the soil are the important hosts of the toxic metals. Subsequently, a series of washing experiment were performed on the soil using biodegradable chelators, including N, N-dicarboxymethyl glutamic acid tetrasodium salt (GLDA), ascorbic acid and citric acid. The results showed that the mixture of GLDA-ascorbic (100 mM: 100 mM) can be considered as a potential candidate for Pb and Zn removal, which removes approximately 90% of Pb and 70% of Zn. Meanwhile, a mixture of GLDA-citric would be preferred for Cu removal based on its greater extraction efficiency compared to other mixtures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis