To apply manganese-oxidizing bacteria to waste water treatment, basic performance of the manganese-oxidizing bacterium, Leptothrix discophora, distributed by ATCC was examined. In addition, the effect of carbon fiber on the oxidation by the bacterium was also investigated, since carbon fiber was reported to accelerate the growth of activated sludge during sewage treatment. The bacterium was found to be active in the medium containing 24 ppm Mn(II) ions, the concentration being about 8 times higher than the recommended one and practically useful level. The oxidation rate was higher with the static culture than the shaking culture. This was considered to be due to physical damage to the sheath structure of bacteria which is reported to be important to oxidize Mn(II) ions. The carbon fiber did not accelerate the microbial oxidation of Mn(II) ions. This is partly attributed to the lack of contact between the bacterial cell, which floated as thin membranes, and the carbon fiber sunk in the bottom of vessels. However, oxidized Mn species precipitated on the carbon fiber, which resulted in an improvement of the transparency of water. This effect is different from the one caused by activated carbons, since the carbon fiber has very low specific surface area and no pore structure. The effect was more remarkable in the shaking culture than the static culture, indicating that organic substances originated from the bacterium play an important role in the adsorption of oxidized Mn species.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering