Research and development strategy in biological technologies: A patent data analysis of japanese manufacturing firms

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

17 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Biological technology allows us to invent new medical approaches, create effective food production methods and reserves and develop new materials for industrial production. There is a diversity of biological technology types, and different technologies have different priorities for invention. This study examines the factors that are important for the invention of biology-related technologies in Japan using patent application data and a decomposition analysis framework. As the results show, patent applications related to biochemistry and biotechnology increased until 1995 because of the expanded scale of R & D activities and the high priority assigned to biological technology. However, the number of patent applications stagnated after 1995, because the importance of biochemistry, especially waste-gas treatment technologies, decreased. Additionally, patent applications for medicines and disease-related technologies increased rapidly from 1971 to 1995. The primary determinant of rapid growth is an increase in research priority, especially among firms in the chemical industry whose technologies are related to supplemental foods and foods with health-promoting benefits. Finally, patent applications involving foodstuff- and agriculture-related technologies increased from 1971 to 1995 due to increased R & D and the increased priority of biological technology.

本文言語英語
論文番号351
ジャーナルSustainability (Switzerland)
8
4
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 2016
外部発表はい

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 地理、計画および開発
  • 再生可能エネルギー、持続可能性、環境
  • 環境科学(その他)
  • エネルギー工学および電力技術
  • マネジメント、モニタリング、政策と法律

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