Retrospective analysis of nursing and healthcare-associated pneumonia: Analysis of adverse prognostic factors and validity of the selection criteria

Yoritake Sakoda, Satoshi Ikegame, Chika Ikeda-Harada, Koji Takakura, Hiroyuki Kumazoe, Kentaro Wakamatsu, Yoichi Nakanishi, Masayuki Kawasaki

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

10 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Background: Nursing and healthcare-associated pneumonia (NHCAP) is a relatively new condition that was recently defined by the Japanese Respiratory Society. Previous reports and guidelines have not thoroughly investigated the adverse prognostic factors and validity of the selection criteria for NHCAP. The purpose of this research was to clarify the adverse prognostic factors of NHCAP and investigate the validity of the selection criteria with respect to patient deaths. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 418 patients with pneumonia who were admitted to our hospital between January 2009 and December 2011. Results: We analyzed 215 (51.4%) cases of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and 203 (48.6%) cases of NHCAP. NHCAP patients were generally older and had poorer performance status (PS), more complications, and higher levels of mortality than CAP patients. In both groups, the most common causative pathogen was Streptococcus pneumoniae. A multivariate analysis of NHCAP revealed that age≥80 years, oxygen saturation (SpO2)≤90%, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection to be independent factors associated with mortality. Of the NHCAP selection criteria, a PS≥3 and a hospitalization history within the past 90 days were adverse prognostic factors in the broad community-acquired pneumonia category (CAP+NHCAP), according to a multivariate analysis. Univariate analysis revealed that admission to an extended care facility or nursing home was associated with death. Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that age≥80 years, SpO2≤90%, and MRSA infection were adverse prognostic factors for NHCAP patients. Furthermore, we confirmed the validity of the NHCAP selection criteria.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)114-120
ページ数7
ジャーナルRespiratory Investigation
52
発行部数2
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 1 1 2014

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Patient Selection
Pneumonia
Nursing
Delivery of Health Care
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus
Multivariate Analysis
Skilled Nursing Facilities
Mortality
Streptococcus pneumoniae
Infection
Nursing Homes
Hospitalization
History
Guidelines

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

これを引用

Retrospective analysis of nursing and healthcare-associated pneumonia : Analysis of adverse prognostic factors and validity of the selection criteria. / Sakoda, Yoritake; Ikegame, Satoshi; Ikeda-Harada, Chika; Takakura, Koji; Kumazoe, Hiroyuki; Wakamatsu, Kentaro; Nakanishi, Yoichi; Kawasaki, Masayuki.

:: Respiratory Investigation, 巻 52, 番号 2, 01.01.2014, p. 114-120.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Sakoda, Y, Ikegame, S, Ikeda-Harada, C, Takakura, K, Kumazoe, H, Wakamatsu, K, Nakanishi, Y & Kawasaki, M 2014, 'Retrospective analysis of nursing and healthcare-associated pneumonia: Analysis of adverse prognostic factors and validity of the selection criteria', Respiratory Investigation, 巻. 52, 番号 2, pp. 114-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resinv.2013.08.006
Sakoda, Yoritake ; Ikegame, Satoshi ; Ikeda-Harada, Chika ; Takakura, Koji ; Kumazoe, Hiroyuki ; Wakamatsu, Kentaro ; Nakanishi, Yoichi ; Kawasaki, Masayuki. / Retrospective analysis of nursing and healthcare-associated pneumonia : Analysis of adverse prognostic factors and validity of the selection criteria. :: Respiratory Investigation. 2014 ; 巻 52, 番号 2. pp. 114-120.
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abstract = "Background: Nursing and healthcare-associated pneumonia (NHCAP) is a relatively new condition that was recently defined by the Japanese Respiratory Society. Previous reports and guidelines have not thoroughly investigated the adverse prognostic factors and validity of the selection criteria for NHCAP. The purpose of this research was to clarify the adverse prognostic factors of NHCAP and investigate the validity of the selection criteria with respect to patient deaths. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 418 patients with pneumonia who were admitted to our hospital between January 2009 and December 2011. Results: We analyzed 215 (51.4{\%}) cases of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and 203 (48.6{\%}) cases of NHCAP. NHCAP patients were generally older and had poorer performance status (PS), more complications, and higher levels of mortality than CAP patients. In both groups, the most common causative pathogen was Streptococcus pneumoniae. A multivariate analysis of NHCAP revealed that age≥80 years, oxygen saturation (SpO2)≤90{\%}, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection to be independent factors associated with mortality. Of the NHCAP selection criteria, a PS≥3 and a hospitalization history within the past 90 days were adverse prognostic factors in the broad community-acquired pneumonia category (CAP+NHCAP), according to a multivariate analysis. Univariate analysis revealed that admission to an extended care facility or nursing home was associated with death. Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that age≥80 years, SpO2≤90{\%}, and MRSA infection were adverse prognostic factors for NHCAP patients. Furthermore, we confirmed the validity of the NHCAP selection criteria.",
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AU - Sakoda, Yoritake

AU - Ikegame, Satoshi

AU - Ikeda-Harada, Chika

AU - Takakura, Koji

AU - Kumazoe, Hiroyuki

AU - Wakamatsu, Kentaro

AU - Nakanishi, Yoichi

AU - Kawasaki, Masayuki

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N2 - Background: Nursing and healthcare-associated pneumonia (NHCAP) is a relatively new condition that was recently defined by the Japanese Respiratory Society. Previous reports and guidelines have not thoroughly investigated the adverse prognostic factors and validity of the selection criteria for NHCAP. The purpose of this research was to clarify the adverse prognostic factors of NHCAP and investigate the validity of the selection criteria with respect to patient deaths. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 418 patients with pneumonia who were admitted to our hospital between January 2009 and December 2011. Results: We analyzed 215 (51.4%) cases of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and 203 (48.6%) cases of NHCAP. NHCAP patients were generally older and had poorer performance status (PS), more complications, and higher levels of mortality than CAP patients. In both groups, the most common causative pathogen was Streptococcus pneumoniae. A multivariate analysis of NHCAP revealed that age≥80 years, oxygen saturation (SpO2)≤90%, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection to be independent factors associated with mortality. Of the NHCAP selection criteria, a PS≥3 and a hospitalization history within the past 90 days were adverse prognostic factors in the broad community-acquired pneumonia category (CAP+NHCAP), according to a multivariate analysis. Univariate analysis revealed that admission to an extended care facility or nursing home was associated with death. Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that age≥80 years, SpO2≤90%, and MRSA infection were adverse prognostic factors for NHCAP patients. Furthermore, we confirmed the validity of the NHCAP selection criteria.

AB - Background: Nursing and healthcare-associated pneumonia (NHCAP) is a relatively new condition that was recently defined by the Japanese Respiratory Society. Previous reports and guidelines have not thoroughly investigated the adverse prognostic factors and validity of the selection criteria for NHCAP. The purpose of this research was to clarify the adverse prognostic factors of NHCAP and investigate the validity of the selection criteria with respect to patient deaths. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 418 patients with pneumonia who were admitted to our hospital between January 2009 and December 2011. Results: We analyzed 215 (51.4%) cases of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and 203 (48.6%) cases of NHCAP. NHCAP patients were generally older and had poorer performance status (PS), more complications, and higher levels of mortality than CAP patients. In both groups, the most common causative pathogen was Streptococcus pneumoniae. A multivariate analysis of NHCAP revealed that age≥80 years, oxygen saturation (SpO2)≤90%, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection to be independent factors associated with mortality. Of the NHCAP selection criteria, a PS≥3 and a hospitalization history within the past 90 days were adverse prognostic factors in the broad community-acquired pneumonia category (CAP+NHCAP), according to a multivariate analysis. Univariate analysis revealed that admission to an extended care facility or nursing home was associated with death. Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that age≥80 years, SpO2≤90%, and MRSA infection were adverse prognostic factors for NHCAP patients. Furthermore, we confirmed the validity of the NHCAP selection criteria.

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