Return migration in China

a case study of Zhumadian in Henan province

Zhihua Xu, Yungang Liu, Kaizhi Liu

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

3 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

This paper examines the causes and process of return migration from the coastal region to the inland provinces in China since the early 2010s, based on the case study of Zhumadian city in Henan Province. Surveys administered to both rural migrants from Zhumadian to Shenzhen and recent returnees to Zhumadian are presented. Industrial relocation and the development of inland provinces trigger the current wave of return migration. Family obligations, better prospects of the hometown, and barriers to settle in Shenzhen because of the hukou system are the principal reasons to return. Most of the migrants return to work in a factory or start a business. Some migrants purchase apartments in Zhumadian as a prelude to returning and starting a business at a future date. Returnees prefer settling down in urban areas rather than in their rural origins. In light of the empirical findings, the authors argue that return migration will ease the mismatch of labor supply and demand between the inland and coastal provinces, such that the Lewis Turning Point has not been reached yet. The continuing process of rural migrants returning to and settling down in Zhumadian suggests a way to achieve some of the goals in China’s new-type urbanization plan, as local governments may address the two major challenges of the plan, namely, local job creation and financing for increased demand for public services.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)114-140
ページ数27
ジャーナルEurasian Geography and Economics
58
発行部数1
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 1 2 2017

Fingerprint

return migration
migrant
migration
China
settling
labor supply
labor demand
coastal region
job creation
apartment
public service
move
relocation
mismatch
factory
local government
purchase
urbanization
obligation
urban area

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Economics and Econometrics

これを引用

Return migration in China : a case study of Zhumadian in Henan province. / Xu, Zhihua; Liu, Yungang; Liu, Kaizhi.

:: Eurasian Geography and Economics, 巻 58, 番号 1, 02.01.2017, p. 114-140.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

Xu, Zhihua ; Liu, Yungang ; Liu, Kaizhi. / Return migration in China : a case study of Zhumadian in Henan province. :: Eurasian Geography and Economics. 2017 ; 巻 58, 番号 1. pp. 114-140.
@article{bf85ecbae9a14dd8a2977731de661e02,
title = "Return migration in China: a case study of Zhumadian in Henan province",
abstract = "This paper examines the causes and process of return migration from the coastal region to the inland provinces in China since the early 2010s, based on the case study of Zhumadian city in Henan Province. Surveys administered to both rural migrants from Zhumadian to Shenzhen and recent returnees to Zhumadian are presented. Industrial relocation and the development of inland provinces trigger the current wave of return migration. Family obligations, better prospects of the hometown, and barriers to settle in Shenzhen because of the hukou system are the principal reasons to return. Most of the migrants return to work in a factory or start a business. Some migrants purchase apartments in Zhumadian as a prelude to returning and starting a business at a future date. Returnees prefer settling down in urban areas rather than in their rural origins. In light of the empirical findings, the authors argue that return migration will ease the mismatch of labor supply and demand between the inland and coastal provinces, such that the Lewis Turning Point has not been reached yet. The continuing process of rural migrants returning to and settling down in Zhumadian suggests a way to achieve some of the goals in China’s new-type urbanization plan, as local governments may address the two major challenges of the plan, namely, local job creation and financing for increased demand for public services.",
author = "Zhihua Xu and Yungang Liu and Kaizhi Liu",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/15387216.2017.1280689",
language = "English",
volume = "58",
pages = "114--140",
journal = "Eurasian Geography and Economics",
issn = "1538-7216",
publisher = "Bellwether Publishing, Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Return migration in China

T2 - a case study of Zhumadian in Henan province

AU - Xu, Zhihua

AU - Liu, Yungang

AU - Liu, Kaizhi

PY - 2017/1/2

Y1 - 2017/1/2

N2 - This paper examines the causes and process of return migration from the coastal region to the inland provinces in China since the early 2010s, based on the case study of Zhumadian city in Henan Province. Surveys administered to both rural migrants from Zhumadian to Shenzhen and recent returnees to Zhumadian are presented. Industrial relocation and the development of inland provinces trigger the current wave of return migration. Family obligations, better prospects of the hometown, and barriers to settle in Shenzhen because of the hukou system are the principal reasons to return. Most of the migrants return to work in a factory or start a business. Some migrants purchase apartments in Zhumadian as a prelude to returning and starting a business at a future date. Returnees prefer settling down in urban areas rather than in their rural origins. In light of the empirical findings, the authors argue that return migration will ease the mismatch of labor supply and demand between the inland and coastal provinces, such that the Lewis Turning Point has not been reached yet. The continuing process of rural migrants returning to and settling down in Zhumadian suggests a way to achieve some of the goals in China’s new-type urbanization plan, as local governments may address the two major challenges of the plan, namely, local job creation and financing for increased demand for public services.

AB - This paper examines the causes and process of return migration from the coastal region to the inland provinces in China since the early 2010s, based on the case study of Zhumadian city in Henan Province. Surveys administered to both rural migrants from Zhumadian to Shenzhen and recent returnees to Zhumadian are presented. Industrial relocation and the development of inland provinces trigger the current wave of return migration. Family obligations, better prospects of the hometown, and barriers to settle in Shenzhen because of the hukou system are the principal reasons to return. Most of the migrants return to work in a factory or start a business. Some migrants purchase apartments in Zhumadian as a prelude to returning and starting a business at a future date. Returnees prefer settling down in urban areas rather than in their rural origins. In light of the empirical findings, the authors argue that return migration will ease the mismatch of labor supply and demand between the inland and coastal provinces, such that the Lewis Turning Point has not been reached yet. The continuing process of rural migrants returning to and settling down in Zhumadian suggests a way to achieve some of the goals in China’s new-type urbanization plan, as local governments may address the two major challenges of the plan, namely, local job creation and financing for increased demand for public services.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85010682332&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85010682332&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/15387216.2017.1280689

DO - 10.1080/15387216.2017.1280689

M3 - Article

VL - 58

SP - 114

EP - 140

JO - Eurasian Geography and Economics

JF - Eurasian Geography and Economics

SN - 1538-7216

IS - 1

ER -