Herein we report that an aqueous solution of temperature-responsive micro- and nanogel particles (GPs) consisting of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAm) and N-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]methacrylamide (DMAPM) reversibly absorbs and desorbs CO 2 via a phase transition induced by cooling and heating cycles (30-75 °C). Below the phase-transition temperature, most of the amines in the swollen GPs are capable of forming ion pairs with absorbed bicarbonate ions. However, above the phase-transition temperature, shrinkage of the GPs lowers the pK a and the number of amine groups exposed to water, thereby resulting in almost complete desorption of CO 2 . The GPs can reversibly absorb more than the DMAPM monomer and polymer without NIPAm, which indicates the importance of the temperature-responsive phase transition of polymers in determining the degree of absorption. The results show the potential of temperature-responsive polymer solutions as absorbents to sequester CO 2 at a low energy cost.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry