Risk Factors for Peripheral Nerve Injury After 207,000 Total Hip Arthroplasties Using a New York State Database (Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System)

Alexander B. Christ, Yu fen Chiu, Amethia Joseph, Geoffrey H. Westrich, Stephen Lyman

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

抄録

Background: Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is a devastating complication following total hip arthroplasty (THA). The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for PNI after THA using a New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS). Methods: The SPARCS database was queried to identify patients who had undergone THA from 1996 to 2011. Patient demographics, medical history, surgical details, hospital characteristics, and in-hospital complications were recorded. Cases in which a new unilateral PNI was identified were compiled, as were control cases in which a new PNI did not occur. The characteristics of cases and controls underwent univariate testing and a multivariate logistic regression using Akaike information criterion model selection to identify risk factors for the development of PNI after THA. Results: 207,981 cases were identified, and 487 were coded as having a new PNI. Preexisting spinal conditions (odds ratio [OR] = 2.55, confidence interval [CI] = 1.61-3.83) were strongly correlated with the development of PNI postoperatively, as was dislocation (OR = 2.58, CI = 1.01-5.30) and diabetes with chronic complications (OR = 2.26, CI = 0.96-4.43). Younger age, in-hospital complications, and thromboembolic events were also associated with postoperative PNI. Conclusion: The incidence of PNI after THA was consistent with previous large-scale studies but may under-represent the true incidence because of undercoding inherent in large database studies. Previous spine disorder, chronic diabetes, younger age, and in-hospital postoperative complications all increased the risk of PNI. This study can help health-care providers and systems identify patients at higher risk of this serious complication.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)1787-1792
ページ数6
ジャーナルJournal of Arthroplasty
34
発行部数8
DOI
出版物ステータス出版済み - 8 1 2019
外部発表Yes

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Peripheral Nerve Injuries
Arthroplasty
Hip
Databases
Research
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Preexisting Condition Coverage
Incidence
Health Personnel
Patient Selection
Spine
Logistic Models
Demography
Delivery of Health Care

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

これを引用

Risk Factors for Peripheral Nerve Injury After 207,000 Total Hip Arthroplasties Using a New York State Database (Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System). / Christ, Alexander B.; Chiu, Yu fen; Joseph, Amethia; Westrich, Geoffrey H.; Lyman, Stephen.

:: Journal of Arthroplasty, 巻 34, 番号 8, 01.08.2019, p. 1787-1792.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事

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abstract = "Background: Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is a devastating complication following total hip arthroplasty (THA). The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for PNI after THA using a New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS). Methods: The SPARCS database was queried to identify patients who had undergone THA from 1996 to 2011. Patient demographics, medical history, surgical details, hospital characteristics, and in-hospital complications were recorded. Cases in which a new unilateral PNI was identified were compiled, as were control cases in which a new PNI did not occur. The characteristics of cases and controls underwent univariate testing and a multivariate logistic regression using Akaike information criterion model selection to identify risk factors for the development of PNI after THA. Results: 207,981 cases were identified, and 487 were coded as having a new PNI. Preexisting spinal conditions (odds ratio [OR] = 2.55, confidence interval [CI] = 1.61-3.83) were strongly correlated with the development of PNI postoperatively, as was dislocation (OR = 2.58, CI = 1.01-5.30) and diabetes with chronic complications (OR = 2.26, CI = 0.96-4.43). Younger age, in-hospital complications, and thromboembolic events were also associated with postoperative PNI. Conclusion: The incidence of PNI after THA was consistent with previous large-scale studies but may under-represent the true incidence because of undercoding inherent in large database studies. Previous spine disorder, chronic diabetes, younger age, and in-hospital postoperative complications all increased the risk of PNI. This study can help health-care providers and systems identify patients at higher risk of this serious complication.",
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AU - Chiu, Yu fen

AU - Joseph, Amethia

AU - Westrich, Geoffrey H.

AU - Lyman, Stephen

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N2 - Background: Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is a devastating complication following total hip arthroplasty (THA). The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for PNI after THA using a New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS). Methods: The SPARCS database was queried to identify patients who had undergone THA from 1996 to 2011. Patient demographics, medical history, surgical details, hospital characteristics, and in-hospital complications were recorded. Cases in which a new unilateral PNI was identified were compiled, as were control cases in which a new PNI did not occur. The characteristics of cases and controls underwent univariate testing and a multivariate logistic regression using Akaike information criterion model selection to identify risk factors for the development of PNI after THA. Results: 207,981 cases were identified, and 487 were coded as having a new PNI. Preexisting spinal conditions (odds ratio [OR] = 2.55, confidence interval [CI] = 1.61-3.83) were strongly correlated with the development of PNI postoperatively, as was dislocation (OR = 2.58, CI = 1.01-5.30) and diabetes with chronic complications (OR = 2.26, CI = 0.96-4.43). Younger age, in-hospital complications, and thromboembolic events were also associated with postoperative PNI. Conclusion: The incidence of PNI after THA was consistent with previous large-scale studies but may under-represent the true incidence because of undercoding inherent in large database studies. Previous spine disorder, chronic diabetes, younger age, and in-hospital postoperative complications all increased the risk of PNI. This study can help health-care providers and systems identify patients at higher risk of this serious complication.

AB - Background: Peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is a devastating complication following total hip arthroplasty (THA). The purpose of this study was to identify risk factors for PNI after THA using a New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS). Methods: The SPARCS database was queried to identify patients who had undergone THA from 1996 to 2011. Patient demographics, medical history, surgical details, hospital characteristics, and in-hospital complications were recorded. Cases in which a new unilateral PNI was identified were compiled, as were control cases in which a new PNI did not occur. The characteristics of cases and controls underwent univariate testing and a multivariate logistic regression using Akaike information criterion model selection to identify risk factors for the development of PNI after THA. Results: 207,981 cases were identified, and 487 were coded as having a new PNI. Preexisting spinal conditions (odds ratio [OR] = 2.55, confidence interval [CI] = 1.61-3.83) were strongly correlated with the development of PNI postoperatively, as was dislocation (OR = 2.58, CI = 1.01-5.30) and diabetes with chronic complications (OR = 2.26, CI = 0.96-4.43). Younger age, in-hospital complications, and thromboembolic events were also associated with postoperative PNI. Conclusion: The incidence of PNI after THA was consistent with previous large-scale studies but may under-represent the true incidence because of undercoding inherent in large database studies. Previous spine disorder, chronic diabetes, younger age, and in-hospital postoperative complications all increased the risk of PNI. This study can help health-care providers and systems identify patients at higher risk of this serious complication.

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