Role of barium enema examination for the diagnosis of submucosal invasion depth in T1 colorectal cancers

Keisuke Kawasaki, Takehiro Torisu, Takahisa Nagahata, Motohiro Esaki, Koichi Kurahara, Makoto Eizuka, Yoshihito Tanaka, Minako Fujiwara, Shinichiro Kawatoko, Yumi Oshiro, Shun Yamada, Koji Ikegami, Shin Fujioka, Yuta Fuyuno, Yuichi Matsuno, Junji Umeno, Tomohiko Moriyama, Takanari Kitazono, Tamotsu Sugai, Takayuki Matsumoto

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

抄録

Background: The indication for endoscopic resection for submucosally invasive colorectal cancer (T1-CRC) depends on the preoperative diagnosis of invasion depth. The aim of this investigation was to evaluate the association between barium enema examination (BE) profile views and depth of submucosal (SM) invasion in CRCs. Methods: We reviewed the radiographic and endoscopic findings of 145 T1-CRCs diagnosed from 2008 to 2019. We measured the widths of horizontal and vertical rigidity under a BE profile view corresponding to CRC and compared the values with SM invasion depth. Horizontal rigidity was defined as the horizontal length and vertical rigidity as the vertical width of the barium defect corresponding to each target lesion. The most appropriate cut-off values for predicting SM invasion ≥1.8 mm were calculated by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Results: Values of horizontal rigidity (r = 0.626, P < 0.05) and vertical rigidity (r = 0.482, P < 0.05) correlated significantly with SM invasion depth. The most appropriate cut-off values for the prediction of SM invasion depth ≥ 1.8 mm were 4.5 mm for horizontal rigidity, with an accuracy of 80.7%; and 0.7 mm for vertical rigidity, with an accuracy of 77.9%. The prevalence of lympho-vascular invasion was significantly different when those cut-off values were applied (43.2% vs. 17.5% for horizontal rigidity, P < 0.005). Conclusions: In T1-CRC, values of horizontal and vertical rigidities under a BE profile view were correlated with SM invasion depth. While the accuracy of the rigidities for the prediction of SM invasion depth ≥ 1.8 mm was not high, horizontal rigidity may be predictive of lympho-vascular invasion, thus aiding in therapeutic decision-making.

本文言語英語
論文番号66
ジャーナルCancer Imaging
21
1
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 12月 2021

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 放射線技術および超音波技術
  • 腫瘍学
  • 放射線学、核医学およびイメージング

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