This multicenter, open-label, phase I study assessed the safety and antitumor activity of acalabrutinib in Japanese patients with relapsed/refractory (r/r) B-cell malignancies. Parts 1 (dose confirmation) and 2 (dose expansion) of this three-part study are reported. Treatment was a single dose of 100 mg acalabrutinib (day 1), followed by a washout period and then twice daily 100 mg acalabrutinib in part 1, or twice daily 100 mg acalabrutinib in part 2. Patients from parts 1 and 2 with r/r chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), and r/r mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) were assessed as r/r CLL/SLL and r/r MCL cohorts, respectively. Twenty-five patients received treatment (part 1, n = 6). Median age was 71.0 years. Nine (one patient from part 1) and 13 (two patients from part 1) patients were included in the r/r CLL/SLL and r/r MCL cohorts, respectively. Treatment-related adverse events (AEs) occurred in 88% of patients (grade ≥3, 36%); the most common were headache (28%) and purpura (24%), both grade 1/2. No AEs resulted in treatment discontinuation or death. Median duration of treatment was 31, 20, and 7 months for part 1, r/r CLL/SLL cohort, and r/r MCL cohort, respectively. Overall response rate (ORR) was 89% and 62% for the r/r CLL/SLL and r/r MCL cohorts, respectively. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was not reached for the r/r CLL/SLL cohort and was 7 months for the r/r MCL cohort. Acalabrutinib (100 mg twice daily) was generally safe and well-tolerated in adult Japanese patients with B-cell malignancies.
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