Background: The safety of antithrombotic therapy for patients with acute ischemic stroke harboring unruptured intracranial aneurysms remains unclear. Aims: This study was performed to determine whether treatment with antiplatelets, anticoagulants, or intravenous thrombolytic agents is safe for patients with acute ischemic stroke and unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Methods: Among 9149 patients with acute ischemic stroke enrolled in the Fukuoka Stroke Registry from June 2007 to December 2014, 8857 patients with data on cerebrovascular imaging and three-month outcomes were included in this study. The frequency of adverse events, including intracranial hemorrhage, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, and in-hospital mortality, was compared between patients with and without unruptured intracranial aneurysms. The risk of a poor functional outcome (modified Rankin scale score of ≥3) at three months after stroke onset was estimated after adjusting for confounding factors by logistic regression analysis. Results: Unruptured intracranial aneurysms were identified in 412 (4.7%) patients, and the mean diameter was 4.1 ± 3.2 mm. There was no significant difference in the frequency of any adverse events between patients with and without unruptured intracranial aneurysms among the overall patients or patients receiving antiplatelets, anticoagulants, or intravenous thrombolytic agents. The odds ratios of a poor functional outcome were not significantly higher in the presence of unruptured intracranial aneurysms, even in patients undergoing antiplatelet therapy, anticoagulation therapy, or intravenous thrombolysis. Conclusions: These findings suggest that unruptured intracranial aneurysms are not associated with increased risks of adverse events or poor functional outcomes even after antithrombotic therapy for acute ischemic stroke. However, accumulation of cases is required to verify these findings.
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