Applying the existing domain model in ship domain research in a restricted area can be difficult owing to multiple factors that must be considered. This study presents a new domain model that can be applied in such environments. According to Endsley's theory of situation awareness, people have their own criteria in decision making based on factors such as individual and environmental factors. To investigate these factors, 125 seafarers were interviewed and threshold values based on their awareness were examined. The factors were evaluated as the closest points of approach. Domain modelling was performed based on these seafarer awareness values; then, the existing and awareness domains were compared, revealing that the awareness-based domain of seafarers is more affected by ship manoeuvrability than by ship size and speed, unlike the findings of existing domain research. Therefore, this study presents a new domain model that is both realistic and practical in a confined area, including various factors considered by seafarers based on the awareness values formed.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes