Alternate TiO2 gel ultrathin films assembled with a macrocyclic carboxylic acids of tetrakis-4-carboxyphenyl porphine (TCPP) or tetra-4-carboxylphthalocyanine cobalt (II) (Co-TCPc) were prepared by the surface sol-gel process. To confirm the film growth and imprinting effect, quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) and UV-vis spectroscopy measurements were employed. The binding of TCPP was 1.2-14.3 times more selective compared to structurally related macrocyclic guest molecules. Among other findings, tetrakis-4-carboxymethyloxyphenyl porphine (TCMOPP) that has a spacer (OCH2) between the phenyl rings and carboxylic acid moieties of TCPP showed a significantly lower binding efficiency equal to 0.07, regardless of its similar molecular structure to the template molecule. Structural difference of porphyrin and phthalocyanine analogs could be also selectively discriminated: the TCPP imprinted film showed ca. 13 times higher selectivity for recognition of TCPP itself from the mixture of TCPP and Co-TCPc. Characterization by AFM demonstrated that the TiO2/TCPP film has highly uniform surface and ultrathin thickness, while both TEM and SEM studies confirmed the immobilized structures of TCPP inside the film.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry