Self-diffusion of polycrystalline ice Ih under confining pressure: Hydrogen isotope analysis using 2-D Raman imaging

Naoki Noguchi, Tomoaki Kubo, William B. Durham, Hiroyuki Kagi, Ichiko Shimizu

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

4 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

We have developed a high-resolution technique based on micro Raman spectroscopy to measure hydrogen isotope diffusion profiles in ice Ih. The calibration curve for quantitative analysis of deuterium in ice Ih was constructed using micro Raman spectroscopy. Diffusion experiments using diffusion couples composed of dense polycrystalline H2O and D2O ice were carried out under a gas confining pressure of 100 MPa (to suppress micro-fracturing and pore formation) at temperatures from 235 K to 245 K and diffusion times from 0.2 to 94 hours. Two-dimensional deuterium profiles across the diffusion couples were determined by Raman imaging. The location of small spots of frost from room air could be detected from the shapes of the Raman bands of OH and OD stretching modes, which change because of the effect of the molar ratio of deuterium on the molecular coupling interaction. We emphasize the validity for screening the impurities utilizing the coupling interaction. Some recrystallization and grain boundary migration occurred in recovered diffusion couples, but analysis of two-dimensional diffusion profiles of regions not affected by grain boundary migration allowed us to measure a volume diffusivity for ice at 100 MPa of (2.8±0.4)×10-3exp-57.0±15.4kJ/molRTm2/s (R is the gas constant, T is temperature). Based on ambient pressure diffusivity measurements by others, this value indicates a high (negative) activation volume for volume diffusivity of -29.5 cm3/mol or more. We can also constrain the value of grain boundary diffusivity in ice at 100 MPa to be <104 that of volume diffusivity.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)40-47
ページ数8
ジャーナルPhysics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors
257
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 8 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 天文学と天体物理学
  • 地球物理学
  • 物理学および天文学(その他)
  • 宇宙惑星科学

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