The Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) technique is utilized to fabricate sensors for gas detection due to its rapid detection speed and high sensitivity. However, gases with similar molecular structures are difficult to directly discriminate using SERS gas sensors because there are characteristic peak overlaps in the Raman spectra. Here, we proposed a multiple SERS gas sensor matrix via a spin-coating functional polymer to enhance the gas recognition capability. Poly (acrylic acid) (PAA), Poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) were employed to fabricate the polymer film. The high design flexibility of the two-layer film was realized by the layer-by-layer method with 2 one-layer films. The SERS gas sensor coated by different polymer films showed a distinct affinity to target gases. The principle component analysis (PCA) algorithm was used for the further clustering of gas molecules. Three target gases, phenethyl alcohol, acetophenone and anethole, were perfectly discriminated, as the characteristic variables in the response matrix constructed by the combination of gas responses obtained 3 one-layer and 3 two-layer film-coated sensors. This research provides a new SERS sensing approach for recognizing gases with similar molecular structures.
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