Shock front nonstationarity of supercritical perpendicular shocks

Tohru Hada, Makiko Oonishi, Bertrand Lembège, Philippe Savoini

    研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle

    74 引用 (Scopus)

    抜粋

    The shock front nonstationarity of perpendicular shocks in super-critical regime is analyzed by examining the coupling between "incoming" and "reflected" ion populations. For a given set of parameters including the upstream Mach number (MA) and the fraction a of reflected to incoming ions, a self-consistent, time-stationary solution of the coupling between ion streams and the electromagnetic field is sought for. If such a solution is found, the shock is stationary; otherwise, the shock is nonstationary, leading to a self-reforming shock front often observed in full particle simulations of quasiperpendicular shocks. A parametric study of this numerical model allows us to define a critical αcrit, between stationary and nonstationary regimes. The shock can be nonstationary even for relatively low MA(2-5). For a moderate MA(5-10), the critical value αcrit is about 15 to 20%. For very high M A (>10), αcrit saturates around 20%. Moreover, present full simulations show that self-reformation of the shock front occurs for relatively low βi and disappears for high βi where βi is the ratio of upstream ion plasma to magnetic field pressures. Results issued from the present theoretical model are found to be in good agreement with full particle simulations for low βi case; this agreement holds as long as the motion of reflected ions is coherent enough (narrow ion ring) to be described by a single population in the model. The present model reveals to be "at variance" with full particle simulations results for the high βi case. Present results are also compared with previous hybrid simulations.

    元の言語英語
    記事番号1233
    ジャーナルJournal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
    108
    発行部数A6
    DOI
    出版物ステータス出版済み - 6 2003

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • Geophysics
    • Forestry
    • Oceanography
    • Aquatic Science
    • Ecology
    • Water Science and Technology
    • Soil Science
    • Geochemistry and Petrology
    • Earth-Surface Processes
    • Atmospheric Science
    • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
    • Space and Planetary Science
    • Palaeontology

    フィンガープリント Shock front nonstationarity of supercritical perpendicular shocks' の研究トピックを掘り下げます。これらはともに一意のフィンガープリントを構成します。

  • これを引用