Simultaneous coupling of α2-adrenergic receptors to two G-proteins with opposing effects: Subtype-selective coupling of α2C10, α2C4, and α2C2 adrenergic receptors to G(i) and G(s)

M. G. Eason, H. Kurose, B. D. Holt, J. R. Raymond, S. B. Liggett

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

310 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Coupling of the three α2-adrenergic receptor (α2AR) subtypes to G(i) and G(s) was studied in membranes from transfected CHO cells. We observed that in the presence of low concentrations of the α2AR agonist UK-14304, α2C10 mediated inhibition of adenylyl cyclase activity, whereas at high concentrations of agonist, α2C10 mediated stimulation of adenylyl cyclase activity. We considered that this biphasic response was due to the coupling of α2C10 to both G(i) and G(s). To isolate functional G(s) and G(i) coupling, cells were treated with pertussis toxin or cholera toxin in doses sufficient to fully ADP-ribosylate the respective G-proteins. Following treatment with cholera toxin, agonists elicited only α2C10-mediated inhibition (~50%) of adenylyl cyclase while after pertussis toxin treatment, agonists elicited only α2C10-mediated stimulation (~60%) of adenylyl cyclase. Incubation of membranes with antisera directed against the carboxyl- terminal portion of G(5α) blocked this functional α2AR·G(s) coupling to the same extent as that found for β2AR·G(s) coupling. In addition to functional G(s) coupling, we also verified direct, agonist-dependent, physical coupling of α2AR to G(sα). In agonist-treated membranes, an agonist-receptor-G(sα) complex was immunoprecipitated with a specific α2C10 antibody, and the G(s) component identified by both western blots using G(sα) antibody, and cholera toxin mediated ADP-ribosylation. Due to the differences in primary amino acid structure in a number of regions of the α2AR subtypes, we investigated whether G-protein coupling was subtype- selective, using UK-14304 and cells with the same α2AR expression levels (~5 pmol/mg). Coupling to G(i) was equivalent for α2C10, α2C4, and α2C2: 53.4 ± 8.8% versus 54.9 ± 1.0% versus 47.6 ± 3.5% inhibition of adenylyl cyclase, respectively. In marked contrast, distinct differences in coupling to G(s) were found between the three α2AR subtypes: stimulation of adenylyl cyclase was 57.9 ± 6.3% versus 30.7 ± 1.1% versus 21.8 ± 1.7% for α2C10, α2C4, and α2C2, respectively. Thus, α2AR have the potential to couple physically and functionally to both G(i) and G(s); for G(i) coupling we found a rank order of α2C10 = α2C4 = α2C2, while for G(s) coupling, α2C10 > α2C4 > α2C2.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)15795-15801
ページ数7
ジャーナルJournal of Biological Chemistry
267
22
出版ステータス出版済み - 1992
外部発表はい

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 生化学
  • 分子生物学
  • 細胞生物学

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