Slow recombination of spontaneously dissociated organic fluorophore excitons

Takahiko Yamanaka, Hajime Nakanotani, Chihaya Adachi

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿記事


The harvesting of excitons as luminescence by organic fluorophores forms the basis of light-emitting applications. Although high photoluminescence quantum yield is essential for efficient light emission, concentration-dependent quenching of the emissive exciton is generally observed. Here we demonstrate generation and accumulation of concentration-dependent “long-lived” (i.e., over 1 h) photo-generated carriers and the successive release of their energy as electroluminescence in a solid-state film containing a polar fluorophore. While fluorophore excitons are generally believed to be stable because of their high exciton binding energies, our observations show that some of the excitons undergo spontaneous exciton dissociation in a solid-state film by spontaneous orientation polarization even without an external electric field. These results lead to the reconsideration of the meaning of “luminescence quantum yield” for the solid films containing polar organic molecules because it can differ for optical and electrical excitation.

ジャーナルNature communications
出版物ステータス出版済み - 12 1 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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