Smoking history, alcohol consumption, sports activity and the risk of developing systemic lupus erythematosus in a Japanese population

Teruaki Nakano, Masakazu Washio, Chikako Kiyohara, Hiroshi Tsukamoto, Takuya Sawabe, Hiroaki Nishizaka, Takahiko Horiuchi

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿評論記事

1 引用 (Scopus)

抄録

Objective: Smoking has been reported to increase the risk of SLE. However, it is controversial whether the risk of SLE decreases among alcohol drinkers or not. Furthermore, there is little information regarding the association between sports activity and the risk of SLE. We conducted a case-control study to examine the risk of developing SLE in relation to smoking history, alcohol consumption and sports activity. Methods: Cases were 59 SLE patients and controls were 244 new outpatients who visited the general internal medicine clinics. Logistic regression was used to assess the adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: Ever-smokers (current and former smokers combined vs. never-smokers: OR = 2.14, 95% CI = 1.10 to 4.16), heavy drinkers (30 ml of ethanol/day or more vs. 29 ml of ethanol/day or less: OR = 2.86, 95% CI = 1.50 to 5.47) and those with a high frequency of sports activity (5 days/week or more vs. 3-4days/week or less : OR = 2.19, 95% CI = 1.14 to 4.18) showed an increased risk of SLE even after controlling for age, sex, and other two factors. Conclusions: The present study suggests that smoking history, a high frequency of sports activity and heavy alcohol consumption may be risk factors for SLE.

元の言語英語
ページ(範囲)366-370
ページ数5
ジャーナルInternational Medical Journal
24
発行部数5
出版物ステータス出版済み - 10 1 2017

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Alcohol Drinking
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
Sports
Smoking
History
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals
Population
Ethanol
Internal Medicine
Case-Control Studies
Outpatients
Logistic Models
Alcohols

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

これを引用

Smoking history, alcohol consumption, sports activity and the risk of developing systemic lupus erythematosus in a Japanese population. / Nakano, Teruaki; Washio, Masakazu; Kiyohara, Chikako; Tsukamoto, Hiroshi; Sawabe, Takuya; Nishizaka, Hiroaki; Horiuchi, Takahiko.

:: International Medical Journal, 巻 24, 番号 5, 01.10.2017, p. 366-370.

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿評論記事

Nakano, Teruaki ; Washio, Masakazu ; Kiyohara, Chikako ; Tsukamoto, Hiroshi ; Sawabe, Takuya ; Nishizaka, Hiroaki ; Horiuchi, Takahiko. / Smoking history, alcohol consumption, sports activity and the risk of developing systemic lupus erythematosus in a Japanese population. :: International Medical Journal. 2017 ; 巻 24, 番号 5. pp. 366-370.
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AU - Tsukamoto, Hiroshi

AU - Sawabe, Takuya

AU - Nishizaka, Hiroaki

AU - Horiuchi, Takahiko

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N2 - Objective: Smoking has been reported to increase the risk of SLE. However, it is controversial whether the risk of SLE decreases among alcohol drinkers or not. Furthermore, there is little information regarding the association between sports activity and the risk of SLE. We conducted a case-control study to examine the risk of developing SLE in relation to smoking history, alcohol consumption and sports activity. Methods: Cases were 59 SLE patients and controls were 244 new outpatients who visited the general internal medicine clinics. Logistic regression was used to assess the adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: Ever-smokers (current and former smokers combined vs. never-smokers: OR = 2.14, 95% CI = 1.10 to 4.16), heavy drinkers (30 ml of ethanol/day or more vs. 29 ml of ethanol/day or less: OR = 2.86, 95% CI = 1.50 to 5.47) and those with a high frequency of sports activity (5 days/week or more vs. 3-4days/week or less : OR = 2.19, 95% CI = 1.14 to 4.18) showed an increased risk of SLE even after controlling for age, sex, and other two factors. Conclusions: The present study suggests that smoking history, a high frequency of sports activity and heavy alcohol consumption may be risk factors for SLE.

AB - Objective: Smoking has been reported to increase the risk of SLE. However, it is controversial whether the risk of SLE decreases among alcohol drinkers or not. Furthermore, there is little information regarding the association between sports activity and the risk of SLE. We conducted a case-control study to examine the risk of developing SLE in relation to smoking history, alcohol consumption and sports activity. Methods: Cases were 59 SLE patients and controls were 244 new outpatients who visited the general internal medicine clinics. Logistic regression was used to assess the adjusted odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results: Ever-smokers (current and former smokers combined vs. never-smokers: OR = 2.14, 95% CI = 1.10 to 4.16), heavy drinkers (30 ml of ethanol/day or more vs. 29 ml of ethanol/day or less: OR = 2.86, 95% CI = 1.50 to 5.47) and those with a high frequency of sports activity (5 days/week or more vs. 3-4days/week or less : OR = 2.19, 95% CI = 1.14 to 4.18) showed an increased risk of SLE even after controlling for age, sex, and other two factors. Conclusions: The present study suggests that smoking history, a high frequency of sports activity and heavy alcohol consumption may be risk factors for SLE.

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