Societal penetration of hydrogen into the future energy system: Impacts of policy, technology and carbon targets

Andrew Chapman, Kenshi Itaoka, Hadi Farabi-Asl, Yasumasa Fujii, Masaru Nakahara

    研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

    52 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    Decarbonization of the energy system is a key goal of the Paris Agreements, in order to limit temperature rises to under 2° Celsius. Hydrogen has the potential to play a key role through its versatile production methods, end uses and as a storage medium for renewable energy, engendering the future low-carbon energy system. This research uses a global model cognizant of energy policy, technology learning curves and international carbon reduction targets to optimize the future energy system in terms of cost and carbon emissions to the year 2050. Exploring combinations of four exploratory scenarios incorporating hydrogen city gas blend levels, nuclear restrictions, regional emission reduction obligations and carbon capture and storage deployment timelines, it was identified that hydrogen has the potential to supply approximately two percent of global energy needs by 2050. Irrespective of the quantity of hydrogen produced, the transport sector and passenger fuel cell vehicles are consistently a preferential end use for future hydrogen across regions and modeled scenarios. In addition to the potential contribution of hydrogen, a shift toward renewable energy and a significant role for carbon capture and storage is identified to underpin carbon target achievement by 2050.

    本文言語英語
    ページ(範囲)3883-3898
    ページ数16
    ジャーナルInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
    45
    7
    DOI
    出版ステータス出版済み - 2月 7 2020

    !!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • 再生可能エネルギー、持続可能性、環境
    • 燃料技術
    • 凝縮系物理学
    • エネルギー工学および電力技術

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