En masse vaccination is a promising strategy for combatting infectious diseases. Intranasal vaccination is a viable route of mass vaccination, and it could be performed easily via needle-free administration. However, it is not widely used because it tends not to evoke sufficient immunity. The aim of the present study was to improve the performance of intranasal vaccination by extending the amount of time that administered antigens remain in the nasal cavity, and enhancing immune responses via a nanocarrier-based adjuvant. A simple and safe solid-in-oil (S/O) system was investigated as a nanocarrier in intranasal vaccination. S/O nanodispersions are oil-based dispersions of antigens coated with surfactants. Because of the mucoadhesive capacities of surfactant and oil they have high potential to extend the amount of time that administered antigens remain in the nasal cavity, and can induce strong immune responses due to a nanocarrier-based adjuvant effect. In nasal absorption experiments antigens administered intranasally via S/O nanodispersions remained in the nasal cavity longer and induced strong mucosal and systemic immune responses. Histopathology analysis indicated that S/O nanodispersions did not modify the nasal epithelium or cilia, suggesting non-toxicity of the carrier. These results indicate the potential of intranasal vaccination using S/O nanodispersions for future vaccination.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science