Solid oxide fuel cell with composite electrolyte consisting of samaria-doped ceria and yttria-stabilized zirconia

Y. Mishima, H. Mitsuyasu, M. Ohtaki, K. Eguchi

    研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

    67 被引用数 (Scopus)

    抄録

    A composite oxide containing samaria-doped eeria [SDC, (CeO2)0.8(SmO1.5)0.2] and yttria-stabilized zirconia [YSZ, (ZrO2)0.92(Y2O3)0.08] was developed as an electrolyte for a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). A SOFC with a YSZ electrolyte was characterized by a high open-circuit voltage (OCV) and a steep decrease in voltage, V, with increasing current, I, whereas that with a SDC electrolyte exhibited a low OCV and a gradual decrease of its V-I curve. A biphasic electrolyte microstructure with SDC and YSZ was proposed in which SDC grains are dispersed in a YSZ matrix. In this composite structure, the electronic conduction caused by reduction of the SDC was effectively blocked by the YSZ matrix. An SOFC with this composite electrolyte offered the advantages of YSZ with its high OCV and SDC with its gradual decrease of the V-I curve. The SDC content and the particle size significantly affected the power-generation characteristics of a cell with this composite electrolyte. The electrode polarization was significantly lowered by using the SDC or the composite electrolyte.

    本文言語英語
    ページ(範囲)1004-1007
    ページ数4
    ジャーナルJournal of the Electrochemical Society
    145
    3
    DOI
    出版ステータス出版済み - 3 1998

    All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

    • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
    • 再生可能エネルギー、持続可能性、環境
    • 表面、皮膜および薄膜
    • 電気化学
    • 材料化学

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