Solitary fibrous tumor of the pineal region in the elderly: A case report

Hiroshi Oketani, Sadao Onaka, Mizuki Handa, Yoshinao Oda, Takaharu Nakamura

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読


Introduction: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a mesenchymal tumor with spindle cells that is often detected in the subcutaneous area and rarely in the central nervous system. Intracranial SFTs rarely occur in individuals older than 80 years, and there are only a few cases reports involving the pineal region. Presentation of case: The present case was an 80-year-old man with lightheadedness, headache, and vomiting. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a tumor in the pineal region extending along the falx and tentorium cerebelli with homogenous enhancement. Subtotal resection was performed via the occipital transtentorial approach. A histopathological examination showed the proliferation of oval- to spindle-shaped tumor cells with bland nuclei arranged in a haphazard pattern and accompanied by staghorn-like branching vessels. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells were positive for CD34 (focal), CD99, and STAT6, but negative for epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) and S-100. Based on these findings, the tumor was diagnosed as SFT (WHO grade I). Discussion: Although difficulties are associated with differentiating SFT from meningioma on imaging, recurrence and metastasis are more common with SFT than with meningioma; therefore, histological and immunohistochemical analyses are important. A correlation has been reported between postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy and longer progression-free survival; however, this needs to be confirmed in further studies. Conclusion: SFT involving the pineal region is rare in the elderly, but needs to be considered as a preoperative diagnosis. Since high rates of postoperative recurrence and metastasis have been reported, long-term follow-ups are required after surgery.

ジャーナルInternational Journal of Surgery Case Reports
出版ステータス出版済み - 2月 2022

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