Source Discrimination of Short-Term Hydrocarbon Samples Measured Aloft

Richard A. Wadden, Itsushl Uno, Shinji Wakamatsu

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

77 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Weighted least-squares fitting of 17 hydrocarbons was used to estimate ambient contributions from four source categories. The data set consisted of 192 samples collected from 300 to 1500m over Tokyo, July 16-17, 1981. Six runs (flights), 1-1.5 h long, spaced throughout each day, constituted chemical “snapshots” of the urban air. Vehicles contributed 7.0%, gasoline vapor 10.5%, petroleum refinery 26.0%, paint solvents 27.2%, and unexplained sources 29.3% of the total hydrocarbon concentration (based on the 17 components measured and all samples). These coefficients are only representative of the days and conditions sampled and should not be interpreted as annual emission fractions. On a run-averaged basis the correlation between refinery emissions per hour, adjusted for dispersion, and ambient concentrations of total hydrocarbon attributable to petroleum refineries was r2 = 0.899, indicating that the refinery profile was sufficiently unique to be sensed up to 70 km. The fractions for paint solvents, gasoline vapor, and unidentified sources were also consistent with wind trajectory observations.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)473-483
ページ数11
ジャーナルEnvironmental Science and Technology
20
5
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 1月 1 1986
外部発表はい

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 化学 (全般)
  • 環境化学

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