Endothelial cells (ECs) are exposed to various environmental forces, and a Ca 2+ wave is occurred in mechanical stimulated cells. Pharmacological studies reveal that the translocation of protein kinase Cα (PKCα) to the membrane is observed simultaneously with intracellular Ca 2+ wave. In this study, we investigate whether and how the kinetics of PKCα in ECs is induced in response to mechanical stress. The results show that a mechanical stimulus induced biphasic and directional PKCα translocation; PKCα initially translocated near or at the membrane and then accumulated at the stimulus point. The initial translocation occurred simultaneously with Ca 2+ increase. Initial translocation was inhibited in spite of Ca 2+ increase when the diacylglycerol (DAG) binding domain of PKCα was inhibited, suggesting that translocation requires intracellular Ca 2+ increase and DAG. On the other hand, secondary translocation was delayed, occurring after the Ca 2+ wave; however, this translocation occurred even when Ca 2+ release from the endoplasmic reticulum was inhibited, while it did not occur when the mechanosensitive (MS) channel was inhibited. These results indicated that at least Ca 2+ influx from extracellular space through MS channel is required. Our results support the implication of PKCα in the Ca 2+ signaling pathway in response to mechanical stress in ECs.
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