In the present study, we attempted to determine whether virus-specific cell-mediated cytotoxicity occurs in fish. Experiments were conducted with clonal ginbuna crucian carp (Carassius auratus langsdorfii) (S3n strain), and the syngeneic cell line (CFS). Two infectious viruses were used: infectious pancreatic necrosis virus (IPNV) and eel virus from America (EVA). Peripheral blood leukocytes, which consisted almost entirely (95%) of lymphocytes and thrombocytes, from S3n ginbuna immunized with virus-infected CFS cells lysed the virus-infected CFS cells (immunogen) more completely than CFS cells infected with a different virus (non-immunogen). This specific cell-mediated cytotoxicity of ginbuna against virus-infected CFS cells was efficiently induced as a result of in vivo secondary immunization. A significant specific cytotoxic activity peaked during 7-10 days after the secondary immunization. In addition, effector cells immunized with IPNV-infected syngeneic cells did not lyse IPNV-infected xenogeneic cells. These results support the hypothesis that fish exhibit specific cytotoxicity against virus-infected cells, resembling the specific cytotoxicites of higher vertebrates. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd.
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