Spectroscopic X-ray diffraction for microfocus inspection of Li-ion batteries

Haruno Murayama, Koji Kitada, Katsutoshi Fukuda, Akio Mitsui, Koji Ohara, Hajime Arai, Yoshiharu Uchimoto, Zempachi Ogumi, Eiichiro Matsubara

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

26 被引用数 (Scopus)


We developed spectroscopic X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis to visualize electrochemical reactions occurring at various locations in Li-ion batteries (LIBs). Continuous irradiation with monochromatic X-rays in an energy region using a confocal setup provided a fixed observation position on the order of several tens of microns. Unlike three-dimensionally position sensitive XRD analyses, e.g., angle-scanning XRD and energy-dispersive XRD, this energy-scanning XRD analysis with angle-scanning of the monochromator instead of the detector-scanning has the advantage of profile resolution, position sensitivity, and time-resolution for mapping concentration gradients and diffusion of Li+ associated with the electrochemical properties of LIBs. The microscopic structural inhomogeneity in a sheet-like composite electrode of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 with a thickness of 150 μm was successfully determined with a depth resolution of 50 μm during cell operation. This work demonstrates the potential of spectroscopic XRD as a nondestructive and pinpoint analysis method, thus contributing to the development of high-performance LIBs.

ジャーナルJournal of Physical Chemistry C
出版ステータス出版済み - 9月 11 2014

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 電子材料、光学材料、および磁性材料
  • エネルギー(全般)
  • 物理化学および理論化学
  • 表面、皮膜および薄膜


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