The HTTP has achieved the first criticality on 11/10/98. The fuels were loaded into the core from outer region to inner region to obtain characteristic data of annular cores. The annular core is expected to be a core type of future HTGR. Fuel loading schedule was planned based on preliminary calculations by Monte Carlo method. These calculations predicted the first criticality at 16 ± 1 columns. However, the reactor achieved the first criticality at 19 columns. The first criticality was re-predicted by comparing measured and calculated 1/M curves. The calculated 1/M curves were obtained for different critical mass adjusting some parameters such as the amount of impurities, etc. The method is called "1/M sandwich method". This method well predicted the number of fuel columns at the first criticality. The combination of this method with Monte Carlo calculation was a rational method for predicting the first criticality. It was confirmed that Monte Carlo calculation could be used for the evaluation of HTTR with < 1% of error for fully loaded core.
|ジャーナル||Nippon Genshiryoku Gakkaishi/Journal of the Atomic Energy Society of Japan|
|出版ステータス||出版済み - 2000|
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