Strategies for passenger car designs to improve occupant protection in real world side crashes

Joseph N. Kanianthra, Glen Christopher Rains, Thomas J. Trella

研究成果: Contribution to conferencePaper査読

1 被引用数 (Scopus)


The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) upgraded the side impact protection requirement in Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard (FMVSS) No. 214 and added dynamic requirements to reduce the likelihood of thoracic injuries in side crashes. As part of the agency's research in developing the requirements of the standard, NHTSA developed a mathematical model for simulation of side impacts. This paper investigates the overall safety performance, based on Thoracic Trauma Index (TTI) as the criteria for passenger cars in real world side crashes, with the aid of the simulation model. A Thoracic Trauma Index Factor (TTIF) is utilized to compare relative safety performance of passenger cars under various conditions of impact. The concept of relating energy dissipation in various side structure and padding countermeasures is used to develop a family of curves that are representative of a design platform. Anticipated improvement in overall TTI and the influence of certain countermeasure characteristics when the vehicle is exposed to many different impact conditions is also presented. The methodology described in the paper could be used by vehicle designers and manufacturers in setting design goals.

出版ステータス出版済み - 12 1 1993
イベントInternational Congress and Exposition - Dearborn, MI, 米国
継続期間: 3 1 19933 5 1993


その他International Congress and Exposition
CityDearborn, MI

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 自動車工学
  • 安全性、リスク、信頼性、品質管理
  • 汚染
  • 産業および生産工学


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