The structural fluctuation of the orientational arrangement of buckled dimers on a Ge(0 0 1) surface near the transition temperature of the order-disorder phase transition is investigated by time-resolving dynamical Monte Carlo simulations. STM images averaged in a finite period are derived from the simulation. The coexistence of the c(4 × 2) and the apparent (2 × 1) domains in the STM images observed by experiments is reproduced in the simulated STM images. We show that the coexistence on the Ge(0 0 1) surface can be attributed to the critical slowing down near the transition temperature.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry