Structural isoforms of the circadian neuropeptide PDF expressed in the optic lobes of the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus: Immunocytochemical evidence from specific monoclonal antibodies

Takeshi Honda, Ayami Matsushima, Kazunori Sumida, Yoshiro Chuman, Kazuyasu Sakaguchi, Hitoshi Onoue, Ian A. Meinertzhagen, Yasuyuki Shimohigashi, Miki Shimohigashi

研究成果: Contribution to journalArticle査読

18 被引用数 (Scopus)

抄録

Pigment-dispersing factor (PDF) is an 18-mer peptide that acts as a principal neurotransmitter of the insect circadian clock. Our previous study, utilizing anti-Uca β-PDH polyclonal antibody (pAb) to immunolabel the optic lobe of the cricket Gryllus bimaculatus, suggested the existence of an alternative PDF-like peptide in the outer cells of the first neuropile, or lamina (La), which were much less immunoreactive than the inner cells of the second neuropile, the medulla (Me). To obtain structural information about such a PDF-like peptide, we prepared 10 anti-Gryllus PDF monoclonal (mAb) and pAb antibodies and analyzed their detailed epitope specificities. The PDFMe and PDFLa inner cells and their axonal projections were clearly immunoreactive to all these antibodies, revealing the widespread immunocytochemical organization of the PDF system in the optic lobe, as seen previously with anti-Uca β-PDH pAb and anti-Gryllus PDF mAb, the epitope structures of which were also clarified in this study. The lamina outer cells, which we found lacked a target pdf mRNA, displayed specific immunoreactivities, indicating that the cells contain a distinct PDF-like peptide possessing both N- and C-terminal structures. These cells were not immunolabeled by some other monoclonal antibodies, however, implying that the PDFLa outer cells have a PDF isoform peptide devoid of Asn at positions 6 and 16. This isoform was also identified in a varicose arborization in the lamina. These results suggest not only the structure of the peptide, but also the possibility of additional functions of this novel PDF isoform.

本文言語英語
ページ(範囲)404-421
ページ数18
ジャーナルJournal of Comparative Neurology
499
3
DOI
出版ステータス出版済み - 11 20 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 神経科学(全般)

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