We have previously found that a 1-deoxy sialyl Lewis X (3), which lacks only the C-1 hydroxyl group of sialyl Lewis X (sLe(X)), exhibited up to 20 times more potency than the sLe(X) toward P-selectin binding. In order to explain the structure-activity relationship, we constructed structural models of the complexes of P-selectin and compounds 1-3 and sLe(X). From the modeling analysis, we found that the carbonyl oxygen of the N-acetyl group of GlcNAc in 3 formed a hydrogen bond with the amide group of Asn 82 in P- selectin. We also supposed that there was a hydrophobic interaction between the pyranose of GlcNAc in compound 3 and the imidazole ring of His 108 in P- selectin. However, it is considered that those interactions would not be appreciable in the case of sLe(X) or other 1-deoxy sLe(X) analogs (1,2). Accordingly, our results could be helpful in obtaining a new concept to design a potent inhibitor toward P-selectin binding.
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