A new layered ternary chalcogenide CuZnTe2 and its effect due to potassium (K) intercalation have been investigated using ab-initio method under the framework of density functional theory (DFT). Here, we report the structural, electronic and elastic properties of both proposed parent compound CuZnTe2 and intercalated KCuZnTe2. The electronic band structures and the density of states (DOS) of both these chalcogenides have also been studied. The parent compound demonstrates p-type conductivity with the energy band gap of 0.7 eV but surprisingly, the increase of energy gap (1.5 eV) is found in the intercalated KCuZnTe2, a direct-transition type semiconductor. The optical absorption result in KCuZnTe2 also shows the identical value of gap energy calculated by Wood-Tauc theory. The density of states (DOS) in the valence band for both compounds is dominated by the partial contribution of Cu/Zn 3d and Te 5p orbitals but the prime contribution of Cu/Zn 4s and Te 5s mainly in the conduction band DOS. The DOS value at around Fermi level in these chalcogenides is indicating the degeneracy behavior of a semiconductor. Both compounds are mechanically stable and also malleable. We also calculated the thermal properties in the intercalated KCuZnTe2 using quasi-harmonic Debye model. The observed values of Debye temperature, specific heat capacities and volume expansion coefficient using this model is almost consistent with the estimated values given in theory.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys