A 64-year-old male presented with increased abdominal fullness and fever. Radiological examination revealed moderate ascites, a tumor with a diameter of 12.5 cm in the mesenteric region, as well as multiple tumors in the thoracic and abdominal para-aortic regions and in the left supraclavicular regions. Pathohistological findings of the biopsy specimen revealed atypical spindle cells accompanied by infiltration of lymphocytes. The plasmacytes were positive for CD68, murine double minute 2 and S-100, while they were negative for α-smooth muscle actin, cyclin-dependent kinase 4 and anaplastic lymphoma kinase. Clinically, the patient presented systemic symptoms and laboratory results indicated an elevation in the inflammatory response, while the CT and MRI findings were consistent with an inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT). Based on the clinical and histological findings, the patient was diagnosed with IMT. In total, 4 cycles of combination chemotherapy with doxorubicin and ifosfamide were administered. Tumor size reduction by 50% was achieved subsequent to the 4th chemotherapy cycle. In conclusion, successful control of this rare metastatic IMT was achieved by systemic chemotherapy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes