Harmful trace elements, which are initially included in the coal fly ash, have the potential to be leached when coal fly ash comes in contact with water. This causes a risk of pollutant species being released, considering the long lifetime of building structures where coal fly ash was applied. Some Ca additives effectively function to suppress the release of anionic pollutants; however, the detailed suppression processes remains unclear. In this work, the influences of various Ca additives on the released anionic pollutants (B, F, S, As, and Cr) was systematically investigated. According to the comprehensive results of solution data with the solid characterization, the 60% hydroxylated calcined dolomite (HCD 60) was the best Ca additive for the suppression of different anionic pollutants since this Ca source not only simply provides an alkaline reagent but also supplies MgO and Mg(OH)2, which affect the phase transformation that accompanies with hydration. The phase transformation occurs from Ca(OH)2 to ettringite via hydrocalumite, which is the most important suppression processes of released pollutants. The precipitation of Ca salts is another pathway to immobilize these pollutants. In this scheme, MgO and Mg(OH)2 were proven to enhance the formation of ettringite and hydrocalumite, respectively.
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