Surface treatments of titanium anodized in phosphoric acid solution and in vitro cell responses

Zhao Xiang Chen, Wen Xue Wang, Yoshihiro Takao, Terutake Matsubara, Li Mei Ren

研究成果: ジャーナルへの寄稿学術誌査読

2 被引用数 (Scopus)


TiO2 layer was fabricated on commercially pure titanium using an anodic spark oxidation technique with 1M phosphoric acid solution. Subsequent heat or wfater treatment was performed to improve the biocompatibility of oxide layers. Surface characteristics of oxide layers before and after subsequent treatments and their influence on the cell response were investigated. It was found that the oxide layer without subsequent treatments exhibited a porous surface structure with few nanometer features. Thin film X-ray diffraction analysis and electron probe microanalysis indicated that the oxide layer consisted of amorphous or poorly crystallized oxides with the incorporation of phosphorus. After heat treatment (500 °C, 3 h), the crystallinity degree of oxide layer increased, but only slight change in the surface morphology was observed. In contrast, water treatment (80 °C, 48 h) not only can significantly transform the amorphous oxides into crystalline anatase, but also result in a nanostructured surface. In vitro biocompatibility study of oxide layers demonstrated better cell response to water treated oxide layer than untreated one.

ジャーナルFuntai Oyobi Fummatsu Yakin/Journal of the Japan Society of Powder and Powder Metallurgy
出版ステータス出版済み - 5月 2010

!!!All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • 機械工学
  • 産業および生産工学
  • 金属および合金
  • 材料化学


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